Arja Lappalainen

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As part of the effort to find better cellulases for bioethanol production processes, we were looking for novel GH-7 family cellobiohydrolases, which would be particularly active on insoluble polymeric substrates and participate in the rate-limiting step in the hydrolysis of cellulose. The enzymatic properties were studied and are reported here for family 7(More)
Two minor xylanases present in Trichoderma reesei Rut C30 cultivation broth were purified as a mixture using ion-exchange, hydrophobic-interaction and gel chromatography. The purified enzyme preparation contained two active xylanases with pI values of 7.1 and 8.1. Both components had a molecular mass of 20 kDa. The purified xylanase preparation exhibited(More)
The properties and enzymic activity of endoglucanases (EC 3.2.1.4) of the fungus Trichoderma reesei were studied by means of immunological methods and by using polyglycosidic substrates. Endoglucanases exist in the culture liquid as a series of immunologically related components. The most active endoglucanase component has an Mr of 43 000 and pI value of(More)
The amino acid sequence has been determined for leghemoglobin component I from root nodules of pea, Pisum sativum. Pea leghemoglobin is one polypeptide chain composed of 147 amino acids, it contains one methionine residue at position 144, and three histidines, which are at positions 60, 92 and 101. The sequence has at least seven polymorphic residues, but(More)
Efficient purification of Trichoderma reesei cellobiohydrolase II (CBHII) requires the use of affinity chromatography based on a substrate analogue. Due to altered substrate binding, the purification of many active-site mutants of CBHII from the complex fungal culture media represents a considerable challenge. Here we describe a combination of two(More)
A 1,4-beta-D-glucan cellobiohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.91) was purified from the culture liquid of Trichoderma reesei by using biospecific sorption on amorphous cellulose and immunoaffinity chromatography. A single protein band in polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and one arc in immunoelectrophoresis corresponded to the enzyme activity. The Mr was 65 000. The pI(More)
A technique is presented in which two different separation methods are combined. The first separation is carried out in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, which is then followed by immunodiffusion in agarose against appropriate antisera. Soluble and insoluble macromolecular carbohydrates were used as substrates in the detection of the various enzymatic(More)
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