Arja Halkoaho

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OBJECTIVES Our objective in this study was to investigate the effects of gestational diabetes (GDM) on women's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after delivery. This study investigates the differences between a GDM group and a control group. STUDY DESIGN Using random sampling, 100 women who had had GDM were selected from a birth register. Glucose(More)
Within the EU-project NewGeneris human placental perfusion has been used for predicting fetal exposure to food carcinogens. Within the work package of ethical aspects of the research, we studied opinions of the researchers (n = 23) who carried out perfusions of human placenta. Data were collected by focus group interviews (n = 12) and an open-ended(More)
Within the EU project "NewGeneris" human placental perfusion has been used for assessing in utero fetal exposure to food carcinogens. Within the work package of ethical aspects of the research, we were interested in the way mothers who donated placentas for perfusion perceived their participation in the study. Thematic interviews were conducted with 25(More)
BACKGROUND In order to protect the autonomy of human subjects, we need to take their culture into account when we are obtaining informed consent. OBJECTIVE AND RESEARCH DESIGN This study describes the cultural aspects related to informed consent in health research and is based on electronic searches that were conducted using the Scopus, PubMed, CINAHL,(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known regarding the role of the midwife in recruiting mothers to participate in scientific research. OBJECTIVE To describe ethical aspects of participation of midwives in placental perfusion studies. DESIGN Qualitative study involving thematic interviews and thematic content analysis. SETTING Two university hospitals in Finland in(More)
Patient's duties are a topical but little researched area in nursing ethics. However, patient's duties are closely connected to nursing practice in terms of autonomy, the best purpose of care and rethinking from the patient's perspective. This article is a metasynthesis (N = 11 original articles) of patient's duties, aimed to create a tentative model. In(More)
BACKGROUND In clinical research scientific, legal as well as ethical aspects are important. It is well known that clinical investigators at university hospitals have to undertake their PhD-studies alongside their daily work and reconciling work and study can be challenging. The aim of this project was to create a web based course in clinical research(More)
BACKGROUND Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) involve procedures such as randomisation, blinding, and placebo use, which are not part of standard medical care. Patients asked to participate in RCTs often experience difficulties in understanding the meaning of these and their justification. METHODS We reviewed RCT protocols, statements of the principal(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have been published about ethics committees and the clarifications requested about the submitted applications. In Finland, ethics committees require a separate statement on ethical aspects of the research in applications to the ethics committee. However, little is known about how researchers consider the ethical aspects of their own(More)
In recent years, the use of metasynthesis as a research method has increased within nursing science. In the present paper, we focus on examining the phases of metasynthesis, using a study of patients' duties as an example. The aim of this paper is to increase the understanding of synthesis as a method in order to promote research trustworthiness by making(More)