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Vocal cord palsy after adult cardiac surgery is often attributed to non-surgical mechanisms as tracheal intubation and central venous catheterisation. It may also be caused by injury of the recurrent laryngeal nerves by surgical dissection. We hereby present a review of relevant clinical reports. The cumulative incidence was 1.1% (33 in 2980). Main reported(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the literature and assess the cumulative data on the Nuss operation in children on its twenty years' anniversary: The Nuss procedure corrects the pectus excavatum by minimal access semi-permanent insertion of metal bars in order to reduce the deformity and refashion the contour of the growing thorax. The advantage over previous(More)
Atrial fibrillation is the most common postoperative arrhythmia in patients who undergo cardiac surgery. We sought to determine whether the administration of statins reduces the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation in cardiac surgery patients. We performed a meta-analysis on all studies published between 2004 and 2008 that reported comparisons(More)
BACKGROUND Relatively little evidence exists to guide the decision pathway regarding thoracic metastasectomy for thyroid malignancy. METHODS Single-institution 10-year review. RESULTS Sixteen patients had surgical treatment for intrathoracic metastatic thyroid malignancy: 12 men and 4 women, mean age 43.7 years (range 19 to 77). Histopathologic type was(More)
The relative efficacy of off-pump and on-pump coronary revascularization is uncertain. A complication of off-pump surgery which is rarely considered is intraoperative conversion to cardiopulmonary bypass. Consequently, meta-analysis was performed of studies comparing morbidity after converted and nonconverted off-pump coronary revascularization. There were(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening complication, with a deceptive clinical presentation following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS We identified 13 studies on PE in post-CABG patients, spanning a period of 34 years. RESULTS The overall cumulative incidence of PE following CABG was 1.3% (111 PEs in 8553 CABGs). (More)
OBJECTIVE The valved conduit Contegra (bovine jugular vein) has being implanted for more than 7 years in the right ventricular outflow tract and it is noted that the available reports have been mixed. The aim of this study is to review the reported evidence in the literature. METHODS Search of the relevant literature for the primary endpoints of operative(More)
I read with interest the referenced article [1]. The authors state a paucity of reported serious complications of the first generation 'Symmetry Bypass System' device (pp. 925 –6). I note that, according to the Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience Database (MAUDE) of the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) in the USA [http://www.(More)