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Osteosarcoma is the most frequent, nonhematopoietic, primary malignant tumor of bone. Histopathologically, osteosarcoma is characterized by complex mixtures of different cell types with bone formation. The role of environmental factors in the formation of such a complicated tissue structure as osteosarcoma remains to be elucidated. Here, a newly established(More)
Progestin preparations are made of synthetic progesterone and have often been used for hormone therapy in gynecological patients with endometriosis or endometrial cancer. Hormone therapy using progestin is considered to be one of the effective means of treatment particularly when dealing with endometrial cancer(More)
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most frequent primary solid malignant tumor of bone. Its prognosis remains poor in the substantial proportion of patients who do not respond to chemotherapy and novel therapeutic options are therefore needed. We previously established a mouse model that mimics the aggressive behavior of human OS. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent(More)
Osteosarcoma is a high-grade malignant bone tumor that manifests ingravescent clinical behavior. The intrinsic events that confer malignant properties on osteosarcoma cells have remained unclear, however. We previously established two lines of mouse osteosarcoma cells: AX cells, which are able to form tumors in syngeneic mice, and AXT cells, which were(More)
Epimutation is defined as abnormal transcriptional repression of active genes and/or abnormal activation of usually repressed genes caused by errors in epigenetic gene repression. Epimutation arises in somatic cells and the germline, and constitutional epimutation may also occur. Epimutation is the first step of(More)
Endometrial cancer is the seventh most common cancer in women worldwide. Therefore elucidation of the pathogenesis and development of effective treatment for endometrial cancer are important. However, several aspects of the mechanism of carcinogenesis in the endometrium remain unclear. Associations with genetic variation and mutations of cancer-related(More)
Cases of endometrial cancer have increased in recent years, but the prognosis of patients with this disease has also been improved by combined modality therapy with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, the development of new therapy is required from the perspectives of conservation of fertility and efficacy(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the diagnostic characteristics of the evaluation of myometrial invasion (MI) retrospectively between preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraoperative frozen sections. DESIGN A retrospective study. SETTING University hospital. SAMPLE 201 women diagnosed with endometrial carcinoma. METHODS All women underwent(More)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contributes to the malignant progression of cancer cells including acquisition of the ability to undergo metastasis. However, whereas EMT-related transcription factors (EMT-TF) are known to play an important role in the malignant progression of epithelial tumors, their role in mesenchymal tumors remains largely(More)
Narrow band imaging (NBI) is a new endoscopic technique in which images of mucosal microstructures and capillary structures are enhanced by shifting the light spectrum to a narrow band. Image-enhanced gastrointestinal endoscopy using NBI has improved the qualitative diagnosis of the grade and depth of invasion(More)