Arindrajit Dube

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We use policy discontinuities at state borders to identify the effects of minimum wages on earnings and employment in restaurants and other low-wage sectors. Our approach generalizes the case study method by considering all local differences in minimum wage policies between 1990 and 2006. We compare all contiguous county-pairs in the United States that(More)
IND Pub Traditional estimates that often find minimum wage disemployment effects include controls for state unemployment rates and stateand year-fixed effects. Using CPS data on teens for the period 1990–2009, we show that such estimates fail to account for heterogeneous employment patterns that are correlated with selectivity among states with minimum(More)
This paper presents the first study of the economic effects of a citywide minimum wage—San Francisco’s adoption of an indexed minimum wage, set at $8.50 in 2004 and $9.14 by 2007. Compared to earlier benchmark studies by Card and Krueger and by Neumark and Wascher, this study surveys table-service as well as fast-food restaurants, includes more control(More)
Credible Research Designs for Minimum Wage Studies We assess alternative research designs for minimum wage studies. States in the U.S. with larger minimum wage increases differ from others in business cycle severity, increased inequality and polarization, political economy, and regional distribution. The resulting timevarying heterogeneity biases the(More)
We provide the first estimates of the e ects of minimum wages on employment flows in the U.S. labor market, identifying the impact by using policy discontinuities at state borders. We find that minimum wages have a sizeable negative e ect on employment flows but not on stocks. Separations and accessions fall among a ected workers, especially those with low(More)
We use two distinct panel datasets to extract and examine data on the labor share of output. From the first, we examine trends in the economy-wide labor share and from the second, we examine trends in the labor share of the manufacturing sector over the last three decades. Both datasets show that labor shares have decreased, starting from about 1980, in(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined employers' responses to San Francisco, California's 2007 Paid Sick Leave Ordinance. METHODS We used the 2009 Bay Area Employer Health Benefits Survey to describe sick leave policy changes and the policy's effects on firm (n = 699) operations. RESULTS The proportion of firms offering paid sick leave in San Francisco grew from 73%(More)
We assess the Neumark, Salas and Wascher (NSW) critique of our minimum wage findings. Recent studies, including one by NSW, obtain small employment elasticities for restaurants, -0.06 or less in magnitude. The substantive critique in NSW thus centers primarily upon teens. Using a longer (19792014) sample than used by NSW and in our own previous work, we(More)
This paper estimates the impact of recruitment restrictions on job-to-job transitions and wages in the post-bellum U.S. South. I estimate the effects of criminal fines charged for “enticement” (offers made to workers already under contract) on sharecropper mobility, tenancy choice, and agricultural wages. I find that a $13 (10%) increase in the fine charged(More)