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1. Exercise and contractions of isolated skeletal muscle induce phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) by undefined mechanisms. The aim of the present study was to determine exercise-related triggering factors for the increased phosphorylation of MAPKs in isolated rat extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle. 2. Concentric or eccentric(More)
Genetic variation plays a substantial role in variation in strength, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. The objective of the present study was to examine the mechanisms underlying variation in muscle mass, a predictor of strength, between LG/J and SM/J strains, which are the inbred progeny of mice selected, respectively, for high and(More)
The pathogenic events leading to the progressive muscle weakness in patients with a E706K mutation in the head of the myosin heavy chain (MyHC) IIa were analyzed at the muscle cell and motor protein levels. Contractile properties were measured in single muscle fiber segments using the skinned fiber preparation and a single muscle fiber in vitro motility(More)
The main goal of the study was to explore the genetic architecture underlying muscle weight in old mice. Weight of soleus, tibialis anterior (TA), extensor digitorum longus (EDL), and gastrocnemius muscles was measured in the C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) strains and derivative generations: a panel of the BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strains and a B6D2 F(2)(More)
Both baseline values and adaptive changes in mice can vary depending on the genetic background. We aimed to assess variation in a battery of variables and their adaptations to endurance training in six inbred mouse strains. Males, n = 184, from A/J, BALB/cByJ, C3H/HeJ, C57BL/6J, DBA/2J, and PWD/PhJ strains were assigned to a control or an endurance group (5(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate if myostatin dysfunction would promote the gain in muscle mass and peak isometric force (P0 ) of soleus muscle (SOL) in response to functional overloading (FO) after ablation of the gastrocnemius muscle. Fifteen male Berlin high (BEH) mice homozygous for the compact mutation causing dysfunction of myostatin and 17(More)
Activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases has been implicated in the signal transduction pathways linking exercise to adaptive changes of muscle protein expression. In the present study, we investigated whether contractions of isolated muscles induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and p38 MAPK in a(More)
The aim of the study was to explore the genetic architecture influencing weight of fast- and slow-twitch skeletal muscles. The weights of the slow-twitch soleus, the mixed gastrocnemius, the fast-twitch tibialis anterior (TA), and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles were 11-34% greater (P < 0.001) in 200-day-old C57BL/6J (B6) than in DBA/2J (D2) mice.(More)
The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathways have been highlighted as a possible link between exercise and adaptive changes in skeletal muscle. In this study, the effect of exercise intensity on the activation of the ERK/MAP kinase pathway was investigated in human skeletal muscle. One-leg exercise at low (40% maximal oxygen consumption, VO2max for(More)
C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) strains and two derivative populations, BXD recombinant inbred strains (BXD RIs) and B6D2F2, were used to explore genetic basis for variation in muscle weight at 500 days of age. In parallel with findings in 200-day-old mice (Lionikas A, Blizard DA, Vandenbergh DJ, Glover MG, Stout JT, Vogler GP, McClearn GE, and Larsson L.(More)