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—Fingerprint indexing is a key technique in automatic fingerprint identification systems (AFIS). However, handling fingerprint distortion is still a problem. This paper concentrates on a more accurate fingerprint indexing algorithm that efficiently retrieves the top possible matching candidates from a huge database. To this end, we design a novel feature… (More)

This paper is concentrated on an accurate and efficient fingerprint indexing algorithm, which efficiently retrieves the top N possibly matched candidates from a huge database. In order to have ability of coping with distorted fingerprints, the proposed algorithm uses novel features, which are insensitive to distortion, formed by the Delau-nay triangulation… (More)

A new combinatorial characterization of a gray-tone image called Euler Vector is proposed. The Euler number of a binary image is a well-known topological feature, which remains invariant under translation, rotation, scaling, and rubber-sheet transformation of the image. The Euler vector comprises a 4-tuple, where each element is an integer representing the… (More)

Euler number of a binary image is a fundamental topological feature that remains invariant under translation, rotation , scaling, and rubber-sheet transformation of the image. In this work, a run-based method for computing Euler number is formulated and a new hardware implementation is described. Analysis of time complexity and performance measure is… (More)

We consider direct visibility in simple orthogonal polygons and derive tight lower and upper bounds on the number of strictly internal and external visibility edges. We also show a lower bound of ⌈ n 2 ⌉ − 1 on the number of diffuse reflections required for completely illuminating an orthogonal polygon from an arbitrary point inside it. Further, we derive… (More)

A new combinatorial characterization of a gray-tone image called Euler Vector is proposed. Euler number of a binary image is a well-known topological feature, which remains invariant under translation, rotation, scaling, and rubber-sheet transformation of the image. Euler vector comprises of a 4-tuple, where each element is an integer representing the Euler… (More)