Arif Hussain

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PURPOSE To describe the natural history of nonmetastatic prostate cancer and rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) despite androgen deprivation therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The 201 patients in this report were the placebo control group from an aborted randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of zoledronic acid on time to first bone metastasis(More)
BACKGROUND Focused cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) is a simplified, clinician-performed application of echocardiography that is rapidly expanding in use, especially in emergency and critical care medicine. Performed by appropriately trained clinicians, typically not cardiologists, FoCUS ascertains the essential information needed in critical scenarios for(More)
In our previous studies using human LNCaP xenografts and TRAMP (transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate) mice, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) resulted in a temporary cessation of prostate cancer (PCa) growth, but then tumors grew faster with more malignant behaviour. To understand whether cancer stem cells might play a role in PCa progression in(More)
Telomerase synthesizes telomeric DNA by copying a short template sequence within its telomerase RNA component. We delineated nucleotides and base-pairings within a previously mapped central domain of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae telomerase RNA (TLC1) that are important for telomerase function and for binding to the telomerase catalytic protein Est2p.(More)
We report an unexpected role for protease signaling in neural tube closure and the formation of the central nervous system. Mouse embryos lacking protease-activated receptors 1 and 2 showed defective hindbrain and posterior neuropore closure and developed exencephaly and spina bifida, important human congenital anomalies. Par1 and Par2 were expressed in(More)
Panobinostat, a pan-deacetylase inhibitor, increases acetylation of proteins associated with growth and survival of malignant cells. This phase 2 study evaluated the efficacy of intravenous (IV) panobinostat in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who had previously received chemotherapy. The primary end point was 24-week(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the combination of docetaxel, estramustine (EM), and low-dose hydrocortisone in men with hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Combinations of EM with other antimitotic agents such as docetaxel are synergistic in vitro and show significant clinical activity in patients with HRPC. We studied intravenous(More)
Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) constitute an important, yet relatively poorly understood, family of heme-containing enzymes. Here, we report extensive structural and biochemical studies of the Xanthomonas campestris TDO and a related protein SO4414 from Shewanella oneidensis, including the structure at 1.6-A(More)
BACKGROUND Drug resistance mechanisms can reduce response rate and duration in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) receiving docetaxel-based therapy. Patupilone (epothilone B), a microtubule-targeting agent, may be unaffected by some resistance mechanisms. Therefore, a phase II study assessed the patupilone safety and activity in CRPC(More)
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) causes serious infections in people at risk and has a significant environmental prevalence due to contamination by human and animal excreta. In developing countries, UPEC assumes importance in certain dwellings because of poor community/personal hygiene and exposure to contaminated water or soil. We report the complete(More)