Arif Hussain Sarmast

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BACKGROUND Neural tube defects (NTDs) are the most common congenital malformations affecting the brain and spinal cord and have a multifactorial etiology. Genetic and environmental factors have been found to cause these defects, both individually and in combination. METHODS A 2-year hospital-based prospective study was carried out from November 2013 to(More)
AIM To study clinical, microbiological and radiological profile of pyogenic brain abscess patients along with modes of treatment and their outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective as well as prospective study included One hundred and fourteen patients of Brain Abscess who were admitted and evaluated in the Department of Neurosurgery over a period(More)
A young female presented with classical complaints suggestive of peptic ulcer disease leading to signs of peritonitis. The said patient after being subjected to baseline workup was subjected to laparotomy which proved to be a surgical surprise. A live ascaris lumbricoides worm was seen pouting out of a duodenal perforation.
Spinal hydatid disease, though rare, is one of the differential diagnosis of spinal cord compression syndrome especially in endemic areas. Surgery is the treatment of choice but surgery alone is not curative. Adjuvant drug therapy as well as intraoperative prophylaxis are indicated. Despite all measures, the disease has high recurrence rates and overall(More)
Abdominal cocoon or sclerosing encapsulating perito-nitis is a rare condition of unknown cause in which intestinal obstruction results from the encasement of variable lengths of bowel by a dense fibrocollagenous membrane that gives the appearance of a cocoon. This condition is not often suspected preoperatively, and therefore the diagnosis is usually made(More)
BACKGROUND Calvarial hemangiomas are one of the rarest neoplasms affecting the skull, predominantly occurring in parietal and frontal bones. CASE DESCRIPTION We report a parietal hemangioma in a middle-aged female which presented as a painless swelling that was progressively increasing in size and was treated surgically. CONCLUSION Although rare,(More)
BACKGROUND External ventricular drainage (EVD) is the procedure of choice for the treatment of acute hydrocephalus and increased intracranial pressure in patients of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracerebral hemorrhage with hydrocephalus and its sequelae. We evaluated the use of EVD in patients of SAHs (spontaneous/posttraumatic with/without(More)
Isolated involvement of the kidney is rare in hydatid disease and is even rarer in children. We present a case of primary right renal hydatid cyst in 6-year-old female child who presented with pain right flank of 4 months duration. The patient was managed by nephrectomy.