Arif Hussain Sarmast

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BACKGROUND Neural tube defects (NTDs) are the most common congenital malformations affecting the brain and spinal cord and have a multifactorial etiology. Genetic and environmental factors have been found to cause these defects, both individually and in combination. METHODS A 2-year hospital-based prospective study was carried out from November 2013 to(More)
AIM To study clinical, microbiological and radiological profile of pyogenic brain abscess patients along with modes of treatment and their outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective as well as prospective study included One hundred and fourteen patients of Brain Abscess who were admitted and evaluated in the Department of Neurosurgery over a period(More)
A young female presented with classical complaints suggestive of peptic ulcer disease leading to signs of peritonitis. The said patient after being subjected to baseline workup was subjected to laparotomy which proved to be a surgical surprise. A live ascaris lumbricoides worm was seen pouting out of a duodenal perforation.
Abdominal cocoon or sclerosing encapsulating perito-nitis is a rare condition of unknown cause in which intestinal obstruction results from the encasement of variable lengths of bowel by a dense fibrocollagenous membrane that gives the appearance of a cocoon. This condition is not often suspected preoperatively, and therefore the diagnosis is usually made(More)
Spinal hydatid disease, though rare, is one of the differential diagnosis of spinal cord compression syndrome especially in endemic areas. Surgery is the treatment of choice but surgery alone is not curative. Adjuvant drug therapy as well as intraoperative prophylaxis are indicated. Despite all measures, the disease has high recurrence rates and overall(More)
Pneumorrhachis (PR), or epidural emphysema, denotes the presence of air in the spinal epidural space. It can be associated with a variety of etiologies, including trauma; recent iatrogenic manipulations during surgical, anesthesiological and diagnostic interventions; malignancy and its associated therapy. It usually represents an asymptomatic epiphenomenon(More)
Dear Editor, Porencephalic cyts of the brain are very rare disorders and we present a case of a twelve years old boy who presented with a post-traumatic unilateral strabismus that on imaging proved to be due to a porencephalic cyst. Porencephaly is a pseudocyst secondary to an infarct or other destructive cerebral lesions. 1 Acquired porencephaly can be(More)
Primary splenic cyst is a rare entity and majority of the cases are classified as epithelial cysts. They are uncommon, comprising only about 10% of benign non-parasitic cysts. Most of the cysts are asymptomatic, and they are incidental findings during abdominal ultrasonography. We report a case of 20 years old male who presented with 1 year history of mild(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed at evaluating the outcome of surgery for bullous lung disease by comparing the preoperative and postoperative subjective dyspnea score, pulmonary function and clinical features. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was conducted from May 2009 to October 2011, on 54 patients operated for bullous lung disease. Follow-up(More)