Arif Hussain Sarmast

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BACKGROUND Neural tube defects (NTDs) are the most common congenital malformations affecting the brain and spinal cord and have a multifactorial etiology. Genetic and environmental factors have been found to cause these defects, both individually and in combination. METHODS A 2-year hospital-based prospective study was carried out from November 2013 to(More)
A young female presented with classical complaints suggestive of peptic ulcer disease leading to signs of peritonitis. The said patient after being subjected to baseline workup was subjected to laparotomy which proved to be a surgical surprise. A live ascaris lumbricoides worm was seen pouting out of a duodenal perforation.
Spinal hydatid disease, though rare, is one of the differential diagnosis of spinal cord compression syndrome especially in endemic areas. Surgery is the treatment of choice but surgery alone is not curative. Adjuvant drug therapy as well as intraoperative prophylaxis are indicated. Despite all measures, the disease has high recurrence rates and overall(More)
Abdominal cocoon or sclerosing encapsulating perito-nitis is a rare condition of unknown cause in which intestinal obstruction results from the encasement of variable lengths of bowel by a dense fibrocollagenous membrane that gives the appearance of a cocoon. This condition is not often suspected preoperatively, and therefore the diagnosis is usually made(More)
Hydatid disease is caused by a cestode, Echinococcus. Its intermediate hosts are herbivores but humans can be accidental hosts. Hydatid disease is endemic in some parts of America, Australia, the Mediterranean region, Central Asia, and Central and Eastern Europe. The organs most frequently affected by Echinococcus are the liver and the lungs. Primary(More)
AIM To study clinical, microbiological and radiological profile of pyogenic brain abscess patients along with modes of treatment and their outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective as well as prospective study included One hundred and fourteen patients of Brain Abscess who were admitted and evaluated in the Department of Neurosurgery over a period(More)
The efficacies of two different surgical approaches, aspiration and excision, were investigated for the management of large solitary encapsulated pyogenic brain abscess located in superficial non-eloquent areas, and the impact on length of hospital stay, duration of postoperative antibiotic use, improvement in neurological status, and morbidity and(More)
Pneumorrhachis (PR), or epidural emphysema, denotes the presence of air in the spinal epidural space. It can be associated with a variety of etiologies, including trauma; recent iatrogenic manipulations during surgical, anesthesiological and diagnostic interventions; malignancy and its associated therapy. It usually represents an asymptomatic epiphenomenon(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed at evaluating the outcome of surgery for bullous lung disease by comparing the preoperative and postoperative subjective dyspnea score, pulmonary function and clinical features. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was conducted from May 2009 to October 2011, on 54 patients operated for bullous lung disease. Follow-up(More)