Ariella V. Popple

Learn More
Crowding and surround suppression share many similarities, which suggests the possibility of a common mechanism. Despite decades of research, there has been little effort to compare the two phenomena in a consistent fashion. A recent study by D. M. Levi, S. Hariharan, and S. A. Klein (2002) argues that the two are unrelated because crowding effects can be(More)
The abundant literature on crowding offers fairly simple explanations for the phenomenon, such as position uncertainty or feature pooling, but convincing evidence to support these explanations is lacking. In part, this is because the stimuli used for crowding studies are usually letters or other complex shapes, which makes it hard to determine exactly what(More)
Amblyopia is a disorder of visual acuity in one eye, thought to arise from suppression by the other eye during development of the visual cortex. In the attentional blink, the second of two targets (T2) in a Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) stream is difficult to detect and identify when it appears shortly but not immediately after the first target(More)
Amblyopia, a major cause of vision loss, is a developmental disorder of visual perception commonly associated with strabismus (squint). Although defined by a reduction in visual acuity, severe distortions of perceived visual location are common in strabismic amblyopia. These distortions can help us understand the cortical coding of visual location and its(More)
We show that a broad class of visual illusions, including illusory motion, can be explained by the effects of negative afterimages. Two new illusions, illusory shading and illusory tilting, are devised on the basis of the proposed explanation. The general feature of these illusions is an alternation between a high-contrast (white or black) and a(More)
The twisted-cord illusion is a powerful demonstration of interaction between 1st-order (luminance-defined) and 2nd-order (contrast-defined) orientation processing. The perceived orientation of contrast-defined objects is pulled towards their 1st-order orientation content when the difference in orientation is small (Fraser effect), yet is pushed away from(More)