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TRPV1 ion channels mediate the response to painful heat, extracellular acidosis, and capsaicin, the pungent extract from plants in the Capsicum family (hot chili peppers) (Szallasi, A., and P.M. Blumberg. 1999. Pharmacol. Rev. 51:159-212; Caterina, M.J., and D. Julius. 2001. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 24:487-517). The convergence of these stimuli on TRPV1(More)
Open channel block is a process in which ions bound to the inside of a channel pore block the flow of ions through that channel. Repulsion of the blocking ions by depolarization is a known mechanism of open channel block removal. For the NMDA channel, this mechanism is necessary for channel activation and is involved in neuronal plasticity. Several types of(More)
TRPV2 is a member of the transient receptor potential family of ion channels involved in chemical and thermal pain transduction. Unlike the related TRPV1 channel, TRPV2 does not appear to bind either calmodulin or ATP in its N-terminal ankyrin repeat domain. In addition, it does not contain a calmodulin-binding site in the distal C-terminal region, as has(More)
Keratoconus (KC) is the most common cornea ectatic disorder. It is characterized by a cone-shaped thin cornea leading to myopia, irregular astigmatism, and vision impairment. It affects all ethnic groups and both genders. Both environmental and genetic factors may contribute to its pathogenesis. This review is to summarize the current research development(More)
The 30+ members of the family of TRP channels are diverse in their physiological roles, yet the mechanisms that regulate their gating may be conserved. In particular, all TRP channels show an activity-dependent inhibition which is mediated by Ca(2+). The mechanism by which Ca(2+) inhibits TRP channels is currently a matter of intense debate, with(More)
Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) ion channels are nonselective cation channels with a high permeability for Ca(2+). Not surprisingly, they are blocked by a number of Ca(2+) channel blockers including tetracaine, pimozide, and diltiazem. We studied the effects of dequalinium, an extracellular blocker of the small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel. We(More)
PURPOSE This research investigated the reported optometric prescribing criteria of Israeli optometrists. METHODS An online questionnaire based on previous studies was distributed via email and social networking sites to optometrists in Israel. The questionnaire surveyed the level of refractive error at which respondents would prescribe for different types(More)
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