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TRPV1 ion channels mediate the response to painful heat, extracellular acidosis, and capsaicin, the pungent extract from plants in the Capsicum family (hot chili peppers) (Szallasi, A., and P.M. Blumberg. 1999. Pharmacol. Rev. 51:159-212; Caterina, M.J., and D. Julius. 2001. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 24:487-517). The convergence of these stimuli on TRPV1(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence and associated factors for keratoconus in a college student population sample in Jerusalem. METHODS Volunteers participated in this cross-sectional study. Videokeratography was performed on both eyes of each subject who also completed an anonymous questionnaire. Keratoconus was defined by cone apex ≥ 50D,(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of keratoconic patients seen in a specialised contact lens practice from a general population with a high prevalence of the disease. METHODS Patients attending a contact lens practice for management of keratoconus were asked to complete a questionnaire. Data were collected on(More)
TRPV2 is a member of the transient receptor potential family of ion channels involved in chemical and thermal pain transduction. Unlike the related TRPV1 channel, TRPV2 does not appear to bind either calmodulin or ATP in its N-terminal ankyrin repeat domain. In addition, it does not contain a calmodulin-binding site in the distal C-terminal region, as has(More)
Open channel block is a process in which ions bound to the inside of a channel pore block the flow of ions through that channel. Repulsion of the blocking ions by depolarization is a known mechanism of open channel block removal. For the NMDA channel, this mechanism is necessary for channel activation and is involved in neuronal plasticity. Several types of(More)
The 30+ members of the family of TRP channels are diverse in their physiological roles, yet the mechanisms that regulate their gating may be conserved. In particular, all TRP channels show an activity-dependent inhibition which is mediated by Ca(2+). The mechanism by which Ca(2+) inhibits TRP channels is currently a matter of intense debate, with(More)
Simian virus 40 (SV40) capsid assembly occurs in the nucleus. All three capsid proteins bind DNA nonspecifically, raising the dilemma of how they attain specificity to the SV40 minichromosome in the presence of a large excess of genomic DNA. The SV40 packaging signal, ses, which is required for assembly, is composed of multiple DNA elements that bind(More)
The abundant nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) functions in DNA damage surveillance and repair and at the decision between apoptosis and necrosis. Here we show that PARP binds to simian virus 40 (SV40) capsid proteins VP1 and VP3. Furthermore, its enzymatic activity is stimulated by VP3 but not by VP1. Experiments with purified mutant(More)
Keratoconus (KC) is the most common cornea ectatic disorder. It is characterized by a cone-shaped thin cornea leading to myopia, irregular astigmatism, and vision impairment. It affects all ethnic groups and both genders. Both environmental and genetic factors may contribute to its pathogenesis. This review is to summarize the current research development(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to compare higher order aberrations of the cornea and of the eye with inferior-superior (I-S) corneal topographic values in keratoconic eyes. METHODS We studied 92 eyes from 78 subjects: 21 eyes of 14 subjects with suspected keratoconus, 23 eyes of 16 subjects with manifest keratoconus, and 48 eyes of 48 subjects without(More)