Ariela Burg

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To determine whether neonates are subject to oxidative stress by the labor process and the mode of delivery by measuring glutathione (GSH) concentrations in umbilical cord venous blood. Forty-eight women with singleton term pregnancies were prospectively recruited and classified as follows: 26 women had a spontaneous uncomplicated vaginal delivery (VD), and(More)
BACKGROUND Breast milk is well established as the ideal source of nutrition for infants. Mature human breast milk generally contains 3.5-4.5% lipids comprising mostly triacylglycerols. In general, the fat composition of maternal human milk in developing countries shows higher levels of saturated fats, reflecting diets rich in carbohydrates. OBJECTIVES To(More)
Four commercial brands of infant milk formula were investigated, and the amount of shelf lipid peroxidation was determined by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA) or, more exactly, thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels, which are the end products of lipid peroxidation. TBARS level, indicated by MDA concentration, was higher in the vegetarian(More)
DFT calculations concerning the plausible mechanism of Fenton-like reactions catalyzed by Fe(II) and Co(II) cations in the presence of carboxylate ligands suggest that hydroxyl radicals are not formed in these reactions. This conclusion suggests that the commonly accepted mechanisms of Fenton-like reactions induced oxidative stress and advanced oxidation(More)
Kinetic and DFT results for the carbonate catalysed Co(H2O)6(2+) + H2O2 Fenton-like reaction suggest a mechanism involving the formation of a cyclic transient, cyclic-(CO4)Co(II)(OOH)(H2O)2(-) that decomposes into Co(II)(H2O)(OOH)(OH)2 + CO3˙(-), i.e. no OH˙ radicals are involved. Plausible biological implications are pointed out.
Sulfated polysaccharides produced by microalgae, which are known to exhibit various biological activities, may potentially serve as natural antioxidant sources. To date, only a few studies have examined the antioxidant bioactivity of red microalgal polysaccharides. In this research, the effect of different salts on the antioxidant activities of two red(More)
We conducted this study to determine the fatty acid composition of breastmilk of Israeli women and compare it with baby milk substitutes. Samples of mature breast milk, from 29 lactating Israeli Jewish mothers were collected during feedings. Total milk lipids extracts were transmethylated and analyzed by using an improved gas-chromatographic method. About(More)
Objective. To compare oxidative stress following spontaneous vaginal delivery with that induced by Oxytocin augmented delivery. Methods. 98 women recruited prior to labor. 57 delivered spontaneously, while 41 received Oxytocin for augmentation of labor. Complicated deliveries and high-risk pregnancies were excluded. Informed consent was documented. Arterial(More)
Co(II) complexes and Co(H2O)6(2+) are used as catalysts in advanced oxidation processes. Therefore it was decided to study the kinetics of reaction of Co(H2O)6(2+) with H2O2. Surprisingly, the kinetic results point out that the process involves three consecutive reactions, each of them requiring an H2O2 molecule, i.e. three H2O2 molecules ligate to the(More)
The effect of the ligands 2,5,8,11-tetramethyl-2,5,8,11-tetraaza-dodecane and fumarate on the mechanism and kinetics of the Cu(I) catalyzed Meerwein reaction was studied. The results point out that initially the Cu(I) ion binds to the aromatic ring with the diazo substituent. This reaction is followed by a redox process involving N2 loss and the formation(More)