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Fine-grained, record-oriented write-ahead logging, as exemplified by systems like ARIES, has been the gold standard for relational database recovery. In this paper, we show that in modern high-throughput transaction processing systems, this is no longer the optimal way to recover a database system. In particular, as transaction throughputs get higher,(More)
Several of the contractile proteins of the heart can be phosphorylated, but in studies with isolated proteins only phosphorylation of the inhibitory subunit of troponin (TnI) produces a major change in the properties of the contractile system. As TnI is phosphorylated, the concentration of calcium required for activation of contraction is increased.(More)
In addition to the contractile proteins actin and myosin, contractile filaments of striated muscle contain other proteins that are important for regulating the structure and the interaction of the two force-generating proteins. In the thin filaments, troponin and tropomyosin form a Ca-sensitive trigger that activates normal contraction when intracellular Ca(More)
Based on two criteria, the tightness of packing of myosin rods within the backbone of the filament and the degree of order of the myosin heads, thick filaments isolated from a control group of rat hearts had three different structures. Two of the structures of thick filaments had ordered myosin heads and were distinguishable from each other by the(More)
In hyperpermeable cardiac cells, in which the surface membrane has been made highly permeable to small molecules and ions, resting tension increases when the concentration of ATP falls below 200 microM. Peak resting tension occurs in 10 microM ATP and equals 60% of maximum Ca-activated force in 5 mM ATP. The mitochondria in hyperpermeable cells can maintain(More)
We studied papillary muscle mechanics and energetics, myosin phenotype, and ATPase activities in left ventricles from rats bearing a growth hormone (GH)--secreting tumor. 18 wk after tumor induction, animals exhibited a dramatic increase in body weight (+101% vs. controls) but no change in the ventricular weight/body weight ratio. The maximum isometric(More)
Coronary vascular endothelial cells release substances into the coronary circulation that modify the contractile system of cardiac myocytes, and cardiac myocytes may release factors that modulate the secretion of cardioregulatory substances by endothelial cells. This regulatory loop is sensitive to the rate of coronary flow and tissue oxygen tension. In the(More)
1. The maximum Ca(2+)-activated force, maximum velocity of unloaded shortening and both Ca(2+)- and actin-activated ATPase activities of myosin have been measured in detergent-skinned preparations of isolated bundles of rat right ventricle after exposure of the intact tissue to different conditions of superfusion, mechanical activity and temperature. 2.(More)
Sarcolemmal perforations can be produced in bundles of rat right ventricular cells by either perfusion of the heart or soaking of the bundles with a solution containing 10 mM EGTA. All cells are affected and lose approximately 40% of the surface membrane. In these cells it is possible to show cAMP regulation of contractility (maximum Ca-activated force)(More)