Ariel M. Wilson

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Glaucoma is a group of diseases characterized by progressive optic nerve degeneration that results in visual field loss and irreversible blindness. A crucial element in the pathophysiology of all forms of glaucoma is the death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), a population of CNS neurons with their soma in the inner retina and axons in the optic nerve.(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness worldwide affecting individuals over the age of 50. The neovascular form (NV AMD) is characterized by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and responsible for the majority of central vision impairment. Using non-biased microRNA arrays and individual TaqMan qPCRs, we profiled miRNAs in the(More)
Galpha(i)-coupled receptors comprise a diverse family of receptors that induce transformation by largely unknown mechanisms. We previously found that the Galpha(i)-coupled dopamine-D2short (D2S) receptor transforms Balb-D2S cells via Gαi3. To identify new Gαi effectors, a yeast two-hybrid screen was done using constitutively active Gαi3-Q204L as bait, and(More)
This study provides the first comprehensive evidence that the second intracellular loop C-terminal domain (Ci2) is critical for receptor-G protein coupling to multiple responses. Although Ci2 is weakly conserved, its role in 5-hydroxytryptamine-1A (5-HT1A) receptor function was suggested by the selective loss of Gbetagamma-mediated signaling in the(More)
The transcription factor p53 mediates neuronal death in a variety of stress-related and neurodegenerative conditions. The proapoptotic activity of p53 is tightly regulated by the apoptosis-stimulating proteins of p53 (ASPP) family members: ASPP1 and ASPP2. However, whether ASPP1/2 play a role in the regulation of p53-dependent neuronal death in the CNS is(More)
Age-related macular degeneration in its neovascular form (NV AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss among adults above the age of 60. Epidemiological data suggest that in men, overall abdominal obesity is the second most important environmental risk factor after smoking for progression to late-stage NV AMD To date, the mechanisms that underscore this(More)
The transcription factor p53 mediates the apoptosis of post-mitotic neurons exposed to a wide range of stress stimuli. The apoptotic activity of p53 is tightly regulated by the apoptosis-stimulating proteins of p53 (ASPP) family members: ASPP1, ASPP2 and iASPP. We previously showed that the pro-apoptotic members ASPP1 and ASPP2 contribute to p53-dependent(More)
Although they have distinct functions, the signaling of dopamine-D(2) receptor short and long isoforms (D(2)S and D(2)L) is virtually identical. We compared inhibitory regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) in GH4 pituitary cells separately transfected with these isoforms. Activation of rat or human dopamine-D(2)S, muscarinic or(More)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a major complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness in the working-age population. Impaired blood-retinal barrier function leads to macular edema that is closely associated with the deterioration of central vision. We previously demonstrated that the neuronal guidance cue netrin-1 activates a program of reparative(More)
Age-related macular degeneration in its neovascular form (NV AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss among adults above the age of 60. Epidemiological data suggest that in men, overall abdominal obesity is the second most important environmental risk factor after smoking for progression to late-stage NV AMD. To date, the mechanisms that underscore this(More)