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Salient clinical, hemodynamic, angiocardiographic, and pathologic findings are presented in 100 patients with truncus arteriosus communis, 79 of whom were studied at autopsy. In this study of typical truncus, all had a ventricular septal defect (type A). Truncus with a partially formed aorticopulmonary septum (type A1) was much the commonest form (50%).(More)
BACKGROUND Vasospasm is a prolonged constriction of a cerebral artery that is induced by hemoglobin after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The subarachnoid blood clot also contains the protein haptoglobin, which acts to neutralize hemoglobin. Because the haptoglobin alpha gene is dimorphic, a person can expresses only one of three types of haptoglobin(More)
To gain insight into the mechanism of formation of chromosomal aberrations by the tumor promoter phorbolmyristate acetate (PMA) in human lymphocytes, we investigated the effect of antioxidants and inhibitors of arachidonic acid metabolism. Among the antioxidants bovine erythrocyte CuZn superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, mannitol (a scavenger of(More)
Clastogenic factors (CFs), as they were described previously in accidentally or therapeutically irradiated persons, in A-bomb survivors and in liquidators of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, were also detected in the plasma of Chernobyl-exposed children. A high percentage of plasma ultrafiltrates from 170 children, immigrated to Israel in 1990, exerted(More)
Clastogenic factors (CFs) are released by cells exposed to superoxide radicals and are found in various situations of oxidative stress. Certain of their components stimulate further superoxide production by competent cells, as shown with cytochrome c assay in previous work. In the present study, we report CF formation after ischemia reperfusion in patients(More)
Two substrains of NZB mice were developed by selective matings according to chromosome breakage frequencies in direct bone marrow preparations: HB, a line with increased chromosome breakage, and LB, a line with low or normal breakage rates. The serum of NZB mice from the HB strain contains a chromosome breaking factor that produces chromosome abnormalities(More)
Seizures and status epilepticus, which may contribute to brain injury, are common consequences of exposure to organophosphorus (OP) cholinesterase inhibitors. Effective management of these seizures is critical. To investigate the efficacy of nasal midazolam as an anticonvulsive treatment for OP exposure, as compared to intramuscular midazolam, guinea pigs(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the clastogenic activity of plasma ultrafiltrates from HIV-1 infected patients. Clastogenic factors are chromosome-damaging agents with low molecular weight (< 10,000 daltons) which cause chromosome aberrations, sister chromatid exchanges, DNA strand breakage, and gene mutation. They have first been described(More)