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Excitatory amino-acid carrier 1 (EAAC1) is a high-affinity Na+-dependent L-glutamate/D,L-aspartate cell-membrane transport protein. It is expressed in brain as well as several non-nervous tissues. In brain, EAAC1 is the primary neuronal glutamate transporter. It has a polarized distribution in cells and mainly functions perisynaptically to transport(More)
Additive and nonadditive genetic effects on lifetime yields of milk and milk components and lifetime profitability were estimated from 5070 cattle in a Holstein pureline, an Ayrshire-based pureline, and 10 crossbred groups of these purelines. Lifetime yields of milk, fat, protein, and lactose and lifetime milk value and annualized discounted net returns(More)
Heritabilities, genetic and phenotypic correlations among growth, forage consumption, and BW changes of heifers and feed consumption, BW changes, and yields of first lactation cows were estimated. Data were from 1266 Holstein progeny of 74 sires born from 1972 to 1985 at three Agriculture Canada research herds. Heavier heifers at 26 wk consumed more feed(More)
Currently prescribed antidepressants affect the reuptake and/or metabolism of biogenic amines. Unfortunately for patients, these treatments require several weeks to produce significant symptom remission. However, recently it has been found that ketamine, a dissociative anesthetic agent that noncompetitively antagonizes NMDA (N-Methyl-d-aspartic acid)(More)
A method to approximate breeding value accuracy under a single-trait animal model was developed. Meyer's method was extended to account explicitly for the covariance between contemporaries, the distribution of relatives across herds, exact relationships between animals, and some cases of close in-breeding. The procedure comprised five steps. The diagonal(More)
A total of 179 Holstein cows from the Agriculture Canada Research Branch herd at Ottawa and 271 progeny-tested Canadian Holstein bulls were typed for 37 lymphocyte antigens. Each antigen appears to be controlled by a distinct, codominant allele of the bovine lymphocyte antigen (BoLA)-A locus, which is a class I locus of the bovine major histocompatibility(More)
The proportional hazards model with censoring was used to assess the effects of breeding value, disease, calving, size, and udder and lactation traits on length of herdlife of 3881 heifers in five herds. Data were recorded over 10 yr from three lines: a Holstein line, an Ayrshire-based line, and a crossbred line. Influences on survival were assessed from(More)
A total of 253 heifers bred at first estrus after 350 d of age (350-d breeding age group) and 249 contemporary heifers bred at first estrus after 462 d of age (462-d breeding age group) were used to study the effects of age at first breeding on productive and reproductive performances of first lactation heifers. Heifers of both breeding age groups were(More)
A total of 890 heifers was used to study the effects of four milk protein loci (alpha S1-casein, beta-casein, kappa-casein, and beta-lactoglobulin) on heifer growth and reproduction. The additive effects of gene substitutions at the four milk protein loci were significant only in 4 of 56 cases for all traits studied. Dominance effects at alpha S1-casein,(More)
Data from 889 cows at five research stations of Agriculture Canada were used to study the effects of alpha s1-casein, beta-casein, kappa-casein, and beta-lactoglobulin loci on herdlife and total yield over fixed parities (one, two, and three parity) and to a fixed age (36, 48, and 61 mo). Actual yields of all cows were utilized to compute total milk(More)