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In the absence of specific symptomatology in children, the early diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis is a challenge, particularly during infancy. In an attempt to differentiate acute pyelonephritis from lower urinary tract infection (UTI), we measured serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels and compared these with other commonly used inflammatory markers. We(More)
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is basically a red blood cell (RBC) disorder characterised by sickling and haemolysis, but platelets and polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) are also involved. Oxidative damage may play a role in the pathogenesis of SCD. Using flow cytometry, we measured oxidative-state markers simultaneously in RBC, platelets and PMN obtained from(More)
Although a relatively small number of previous studies suggest a modest response to hydroxyurea (HU) therapy in beta-thalassemia, more recent investigations have revealed that some transfusion-dependent patients can become transfusion-independent following HU therapy. Patients with Ggamma XmnI polymorphism, several beta-globin mutations, and(More)
AIMS To assess the yield of routine renal ultrasound (RUS) in the management of young children hospitalised with first uncomplicated febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS All children aged 0-5 years who had been hospitalised over a two year period with first uncomplicated febrile UTI in a medium size institutional regional medical centre were(More)
In the absence of specific symptomatology in children, the early diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (APN) is a challenge, particularly during infancy. In an attempt to differentiate APN from lower urinary tract infection (UTI), we evaluated the ability of power Doppler ultrasonography (PDU) to predict renal parenchymal involvement, as assessed by(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It has been established that mitral annulus calcification (MAC) is an independent predictor of stroke, though a causative relationship was not proved, and that carotid artery atherosclerotic disease is also associated with stroke. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between the presence of MAC and(More)
In patients with iron overload associated with severe, transfusion-dependent beta-thalassemia, congestive heart failure develops during the second decade of life. Biventricular heart function was studied by multigated radionuclide angiography in 22 patients with beta-thalassemia major. Six patients were symptomatic. Congestive heart failure developed in(More)
Non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI) is commonly detected in patients with systemic iron overload whose serum iron-binding capacity has been surpassed. It has been perceived as an indicator of iron overload, impending organ damage and a chelation target in poly-transfused thalassemia patients. However, NTBI is a heterogeneous entity comprising various iron(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute mastoiditis is a serious bacterial infection of the temporal bone and is the most common complication of otitis media. The goal of this study is to assess the clinical features, pathogens, management, and outcome of acute mastoiditis in children in northern Israel. METHODS A systematic review of medical records of all children who were(More)