Arie van Hoek

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Structural information on intracellular fusions of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) of the jellyfish Aequorea victoria with endogenous proteins is required as they are increasingly used in cell biology and biochemistry. We have investigated the dynamic properties of GFP alone and fused to a single chain antibody raised against lipopolysaccharide of the(More)
The fluorescent dye Nile red was used as a probe for the sensitive detection of large, denatured aggregates of the model protein β-galactosidase (E. coli) in solution. Aggregates were formed by irreversible heat denaturation of β-galactosidase below and above the protein’s unfolding temperature of 57.4°C, and the presence of aggregates in heated solutions(More)
We have performed time-resolved fluorescence measurements on photosystem II (PSII) containing membranes (BBY particles) from spinach with open reaction centers. The decay kinetics can be fitted with two main decay components with an average decay time of 150 ps. Comparison with recent kinetic exciton annihilation data on the major light-harvesting complex(More)
A series of fluorophores with single-exponential fluorescence decays in liquid solution at 20 degrees C were measured independently by nine laboratories using single-photon timing and multifrequency phase and modulation fluorometry instruments with lasers as excitation source. The dyes that can serve as fluorescence lifetime standards for time-domain and(More)
Non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) protects plants against photodamage by converting excess excitation energy into harmless heat. In vitro aggregation of the major light-harvesting complex (LHCII) induces similar quenching, the molecular mechanism of which is frequently considered to be the same. However, a very basic question regarding the(More)
Submolecular details of Azotobacter vinelandii apoflavodoxin (apoFD) (un)folding are revealed by time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy using wild-type protein and variants lacking one or two of apoFD's three tryptophans. ApoFD equilibrium (un)folding by guanidine hydrochloride follows a three-state model: native <--> unfolded <--> intermediate. In native(More)
The conformational dynamics of wild-type Escherichia coli thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) and the mutant enzyme C138S were studied by ultrafast time-resolved fluorescence of the flavin cofactor in combination with circular dichroism (both in the flavin fingerprint and far-UV regions) and steady-state fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy. The spectroscopic(More)
The leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE1 (BRI1) is the main ligand-perceiving receptor for brassinosteroids (BRs) in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Binding of BRs to the ectodomain of plasma membrane (PM)-located BRI1 receptors initiates an intracellular signal transduction cascade that influences various aspects of(More)
Time-resolved polarized flavin fluorescence was used to study the active site dynamics of Escherichia coli glutathione reductase (GR). Special consideration was given to the role of Tyr177, which blocks the access to the NADPH binding-site in the crystal structure of the enzyme. By comparing wild-type GR with the mutant enzymes Y177F and Y177G, a(More)
Time-resolved fluorescence and fluorescence anisotropy data surfaces of flavin adenine dinucleotide bound to lipoamide dehydrogenase from Azotobacter vinelandii in 80% glycerol have been obtained by variation of excitation energy and temperature between 203 and 303 K. The fluorescence kinetics of a deletion mutant lacking 14 COOH-terminal amino acids were(More)