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OBJECTIVES Needle liver biopsy has been shown to have a high rate of sampling error in patients with diffuse parenchymal liver diseases. In these cases, the sample of liver tissue does not reflect the true degree of inflammation, fibrosis, or cirrhosis, despite an adequate sample size. The aim of this study was to determine the rate and extent of sampling(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic lesions of the liver consist of a heterogeneous group of disorders and may present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Large hepatic cysts tend to be symptomatic and can cause complications more often than smaller ones. STUDY DESIGN We performed a retrospective review of adults diagnosed with large (> or = 4 cm) hepatic cystic(More)
Acquired (non-Wilsonian) hepatocerebral degeneration (AHD) is a chronic brain disorder caused by liver dysfunction and long-standing portal-systemic shunting. It typically presents with dysathria, ataxia, tremor, involuntary movements and altered mental status, and often does not respond to conventional medical therapy for hepatic encephalopathy. There is(More)
We investigated the role of donor bone marrow cell (DBMC) infusions in immunosuppression withdrawal in adult liver transplantation. Patients enrolled were at least 3 years post-transplantation, with stable graft function. Forty-five (study group: G1) received DBMC, and 59 (control group: G2) did not. Immunosuppression was reduced by one third upon(More)
HIV/HCV co-infection is becoming one of the main causes of death in HIV+ persons. We determined quality of life, clinical symptoms and health care utilization in HIV mono-infected and HIV/HCV co-infected chronic drug users. After consenting 218 HIV+ drug users, a physical examination and questionnaires on demographics, quality of life, drugs of abuse, and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lamivudine (LAM) monoprophylaxis for patients with non-replicating hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection at orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS Among 128 liver recipients with HBV infection between 1994 and 2004 transplanted at our institution, 60 had non-replicating HBV infection at(More)
Rituximab, a chimeric monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody, has shown activity in several autoimmune disorders. We describe a case of a 52 years old female who was diagnosed with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and concomitant autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), both non-responsive to steroids. She was subsequently treated with rituximab, which resulted in a rapid(More)
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is becoming a common cause of liver cirrhosis requiring liver transplantation (LT). Cardiovascular complications related to metabolic syndrome and NASH recurrence in the transplanted liver may affect the outcome of LT in these patients. We compared the outcomes of LT for NASH cirrhosis and alcoholic cirrhosis (ETOH) in a(More)
OBJECTIVES Adequate preparation of the bowel is essential for accurate colonoscopic examination. We compared colonic preparation with sodium picosulphate plus magnesium citrate (SPS-Mg) with sulphate-free polyethylene glycol electrolyte lavage (PEG-EL) solution before colonoscopy, for quality of bowel cleansing, patient discomfort, and side effects. (More)
BACKGROUND The role of the heterozygous PiZ state of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (alpha1ATD) in the pathogenesis of chronic liver disease (LD) is still a matter of controversy. AIM To determine the prevalence of alpha1ATD heterozygote states in a large population of patients with established LD compared with individuals with no LD, and to determine(More)