Ariberto Fassati

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The transmissible agent causing canine transmissible venereal tumor (CTVT) is thought to be the tumor cell itself. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed genetic markers including major histocompatibility (MHC) genes, microsatellites, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in naturally occurring tumors and matched blood samples. In each case, the tumor is genetically(More)
To examine the early events of the life cycle of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), we analyzed the intracellular complexes mediating reverse transcription isolated from acutely infected cells. Partial purification of the reverse transcription complexes (RTCs) by equilibrium density fractionation and velocity sedimentation indicated that two(More)
The HIV/AIDS pandemic is a major global health threat and understanding the detailed molecular mechanisms of HIV replication is critical for the development of novel therapeutics. To replicate, HIV-1 must access the nucleus of infected cells and integrate into host chromosomes, however little is known about the events occurring post-nuclear entry but before(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), like other lentiviruses, can infect non-dividing cells. This property depends on the active nuclear import of its intracellular reverse transcription complex (RTC). We have studied nuclear import of purified HIV-1 RTCs in primary macrophages and found that importin 7, an import receptor for ribosomal proteins and(More)
To examine the early events in the life cycle of Moloney murine leukemia virus (MoMLV), we analyzed the intracellular complexes mediating reverse transcription. Partial purification of the reverse transcription complexes (RTCs) by equilibrium density fractionation and velocity sedimentation indicated that three distinct species of intracellular complexes(More)
Retroviruses copy their RNA genome into a DNA molecule, but little is known of the structure of the complex mediating reverse transcription in vivo. We used confocal and electron microscopy to study the structure of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) intracellular reverse transcription complexes (RTCs). Cytoplasmic extracts were prepared 3, 4, and(More)
Mutations affecting either the N- or C-terminal regions of the Gag protein p12 block replication of Moloney murine leukemia virus (M-MuLV). Viruses carrying mutations in this portion of gag can mediate the assembly and release of virions but are unable to successfully carry out the early phase of the M-MuLV life cycle. Wild-type and mutant viruses were(More)
Latency allows HIV-1 to persist in long-lived cellular reservoirs, preventing virus eradication. We have previously shown that the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is required for HIV-1 gene expression and mediates greater HIV-1 replication in conditions of hyperthermia. Here we report that specific inhibitors of Hsp90 such as(More)
Environmental influences have profound yet reversible effects on the behavior of resident cells. Earlier data have indicated that the amount of muscle formed from implanted myogenic cells is greatly augmented by prior irradiation (18 Gy) of the host mouse muscle. Here we confirm this phenomenon, showing that it varies between host mouse strains. However, it(More)