Arianne D Stevens

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In pregnant ewes, plasma protein levels over the gestation age range of 58-141 days fell progressively (r = -0.332, P less than 0.05, n = 36) but colloid osmotic pressure (COP, mmHg) did not change significantly. In fetal sheep carried by these ewes, plasma protein levels increased with age (r = 0.85, P less than 0.00001, n = 32). COP also rose (r = 0.8, P(More)
1. Experiments were carried out in 30 chronically catheterized foetal sheep (128-144 days; term 150 days) and in seven of these foetuses before, during and after acute hypoxaemia. The extent to which changes in sympathoadrenal activity and cardiac vagal activity affected the foetal cardiac response to hypoxaemia was measured. Three measurements were used:(More)
1. In conscious non-pregnant and pregnant ewes and in chronic fetal lamb preparations, the beat by beat relationship between pulse interval and systolic pressure was studied during acute elevations in arterial pressure induced by phenylephrine. Baroreflex sensitivity, which was defined as the slope of the pressure-pulse interval relationship when(More)
To determine the effects on the fetus of high maternal levels of noradrenaline, experiments were carried out in 17 pregnant ewes (123-137 days gestation). Intravenous infusion of 40 mg/min of norepinephrine to the ewe for 1.5 h increased maternal arterial pressure and significantly decreased maternal placental blood flow (p < 0.05). Fetal arterial pressure(More)
Electrocortical (ECoG) and integrated electromyographic (EMG) activity was recorded in 6 chronically prepared fetal sheep (132-145 days). Recording were made in fetuses prior to and during repeated vibroacoustic stimulation. In the undisturbed fetus, two patterns of ECoG activity were apparent; high (HV) and low voltage (LV). The fetus responded to this(More)
If fetal drinking activity is prevented and it is assumed that in the latter third of gestation the fetus is capable of maintaining itself in fluid balance, then the net amount of fluid gained across the placenta by the fetus is equal to the amount of fluid lost from the fetus, by routes other than the placenta, plus fluid deposited in growing tissues minus(More)
1. In eleven chronically catheterized fetal sheep aged 124-142 days, hypotension caused by infusion of sodium nitroprusside (1.6-3.3 mg/h) and competitive antagonism of angiotensin II by saralasin (3.3 mg/h) both caused a fall in fetal urine flow (P less than 0.02 and P less than 0.05, respectively), and in sodium excretion (P less than 0.05 and P less than(More)
1. Renal function was studied in chronically catheterized fetal sheep (119-128 days gestation), before and during treatment of the ewe with the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, captopril, which crosses the placenta and blocks the fetal renin angiotensin system. 2. An i.v. dose of 15 mg (about 319 micrograms kg-1) of captopril to salt-replete(More)
After control measurements had been made, 15 chronically catheterized pregnant ewes (gestational age 123-141 days) were given 15 mg of captopril intravenously followed by an infusion of 6 mg/h. These doses blocked the pressor responses of both ewes and fetuses to 5 micrograms of angiotensin I. After captopril, maternal mean arterial pressure fell from 94(More)
In six pregnant ewes a reduction in transplacental water transfer was produced by increasing maternal osmolality (by infusion of 180 g of mannitol in 500 ml of 0.15 M-sodium chloride) and the fetal renal responses to this reduction in water transfer were studied. These responses were compared with the renal responses of five other chronically catheterized(More)