BACKGROUND Structural and phenotypic changes of cardiomyocytes characterize atrial fibrillation. We investigated whether changes in the glucose-regulated protein GRP94, which is essential for cell viability, occur in the presence of chronic atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS Samples of fibrillating atrial myocardium obtained from both goat and human… (More)
The radioactivity decay of the mitochondrial compartment from the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex of 3H-thymidine-injected rats was followed by high resolution autoradiography. The number of days in which the radioactivity of the mitochondrial compartment was reduced to a half was calculated from the semilogarithmic plots of radioactivity versus… (More)
Exercise intolerance remains problematic in subjects with chronic heart failure (CHF) and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recent studies show that supplemented essential amino acids (EAAs) may exert beneficial effects on CHF/COPD physical capacity. The results from 3 investigations (2 conducted on CHF and 1 on COPD subjects) served as the… (More)
The effects of chronic ACTH treatment on the increase in the intracellular concentration of cyclic-AMP and cyclic-GMP acutely elicited by ACTH in the rat adrenal cortex were investigated. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that chronic ACTH treatment stimulates a) the de novo synthesis of adenylate- and guanylate-cyclase or b) the synthesis of… (More)
The half-life of mitochondria from the zona reticularis of the rat adrenal was calculated by determining the radioactivity decay curves of the mitochondrial compartment of 3H-thymidine-injected animals, using autoradiographic methods. ACTH was found to enchance significantly the half-life of the organelles.
The effects of ACTH on the rat adrenal zona reticularis were investigated by stereologic methods. It was found that the zona reticularis cell responsiveness to ACTH is similar to that of the zona fasciculata elements. This excludes that the zona reticularis of the adult rat can only function as the site of destruction of worn-out elements migrating from the… (More)
The effects of chronic administration of of ACTH (up to 36 consecutive days) on the mitochondria of the zona reticularis of the rat adrenal cortex were investigated by stereologic techniques. It was found that ACTH induces two phases of hypertrophy of mitochondria alternating with two proliferative stages, which are associated with a significant decrease in… (More)