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Advanced Glycation End-Products (AGEs), a group of compounds resulting from the non-enzymatic reaction of reducing sugars with the free amino group of proteins, are implicated in diabetic complications. We previously demonstrated that exposure of the pancreatic islet cell line HIT-T 15 to high concentrations of AGEs significantly decreases cell(More)
PURPOSE Neovascularization is a common complication of many degenerative and vascular diseases of the retina. Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) have a pathologic role in the development of retinal neovascularization, mainly for their ability in upregulating vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) secretion. The aim of this study was to(More)
Pioglitazone is an anti-diabetic agent that preserves pancreatic beta cell mass and improves their function. Advanced Glycation End-Products (AGEs) are implicated in diabetic complications. We previously demonstrated that exposure of the pancreatic islet cell line HIT-T15 to high concentrations of AGEs significantly decreases cell proliferation and insulin(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) might play a pathophysiological role in the development of diabetes and its complications. AGEs negatively affect pancreatic beta-cell function and the expression of transcriptional factors regulating insulin gene. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an incretin hormone that regulates glucose homeostasis, might counteract(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the direct effects of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on beta-cells by their exposure to a glycated serum to estimate the cellular viability and the related insulin secretion. Glycation of fetal calf serum was obtained by incubation with 50 mol/L ribose at 37 degrees C for 7 days; at the end of this(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that both advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and oxidation processes play key roles in the physiology of aging and age-related pathologies, leading to irreversible proteins modifications in both tissues and the extracellular matrix. Such an accelerated accumulation of these modifications has been reported to be present(More)
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