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Behavioral sensitization to psychomotor stimulants is accompanied by a number of alterations in the mesoaccumbens dopamine (DA) system, including DA autoreceptor subsensitivity in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and DA D1 receptor supersensitivity in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). We investigated the role of excitatory amino acid (EAA) transmission in the(More)
We examined the effect of 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoyl-benzo(f)quinoxaline (NBQX), an antagonist of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA) subtype of glutamate receptor, on the development and expression of behavioral sensitization to amphetamine and cocaine in rats. A single injection of NBQX (12.5 mg/kg) administered 30 min(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of injected hyaluronidase in cutaneous areas previously augmented with Restylane (Q-Med AB, Uppsala, Sweden), a nonanimal, stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA) gel. METHODS A prospective, randomized study was undertaken in 2 parts. First, the effects of hyaluronidase and saline were compared on post-NASHA dermal(More)
Controversy continues to exist regarding the routine histologic examining of tonsillectomy specimens. Proponents suggest that among other reasons, missing an important diagnosis such as occult malignancy or granulomatous disease and possible medicolegal consequences argue in favor of routine histologic examination. Others state that we should consider the(More)
Rejuvenation surgery of the upper one-third of the face can be accomplished by a number of well-known techniques and approaches. The objectives of this study were to: (1) determine if endoscopic-assisted forehead lifts achieve the same degree of correction as the coronal/pretrichial forehead lifts, (2) to assess the effect of concurrent blepharoplasty on(More)
The esthetic application of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) is a safe treatment modality; nevertheless complications can occur as a result of patient-and physician-related factors. Fortunately, adverse effects and undesirable sequelae after Botox injections are temporary. Complications may be more serious in patients who have more severe rhytids (which(More)
BACKGROUND Lasers with infrared wavelength ranges have been used in nonablative rejuvenation of skin. In this process, cooling of the epidermis allows for laser energy heat-induced injury to the dermis without ablation of the epidermal layer. This dermal injury is theorized to produce improvements in skin quality. In addition, long-pulse Nd:YAG lasers(More)
BACKGROUND The 3-dimensionally complex interplay of soft tissue, cartilaginous, and bony elements makes the mastery of nasal anatomy difficult. Conventional methods of learning nasal anatomy exist, but they often involve a steep learning curve. Computerized models and virtual reality applications have been used to facilitate teaching in a number of other(More)
The pain of trigeminal neuralgia can be excruciating and debilitating. Fortunately, effective medical and surgical therapies for the disorder exist. Successful treatment hinges on thorough history taking and accurate diagnosis. Diagnostic evaluation of patients with orofacial pain should include complete head and neck, dental, and neurologic examinations(More)
The interaction of nanomaterials with biomolecules, cells, and organisms is an enormously vital area of current research, with applications in nanoenabled diagnostics, imaging agents, therapeutics, and contaminant removal technologies. Yet the potential for adverse biological and environmental impacts of nanomaterial exposure is considerable and needs to be(More)