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Peloruside A and laulimalide are potent microtubule-stabilizing natural products with a mechanism of action similar to that of paclitaxel. However, the binding site of peloruside A and laulimalide on tubulin remains poorly understood. Drug resistance in anticancer treatment is a serious problem. We developed peloruside A- and laulimalide-resistant cell(More)
OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to compare BI-RADS density categories with quantitative volumetric breast density (VBD) for the reporting of mammographic sensitivity and to identify which patient factors are most predictive of a diagnosis of interval cancer of the breast versus screen-detected cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective(More)
Peloruside A (PelA), a novel microtubule-stabilizing agent and potential anti-cancer drug, isolated from the marine sponge Mycale hentscheli, binds to a distinct, non-taxoid binding site on tubulin. Using live-cell confocal microscopy, the effects of PelA on microtubule dynamics were quantified in a human breast adenocarcinoma cell line (MCF7) stably(More)
Microtubule-stabilizing agents are an important class of anticancer compounds. Peloruside A and laulimalide bind to a different site on the microtubule to taxoid site drugs such as paclitaxel (Taxol®), docetaxel (Taxotere®), ixabepilone (Ixempra®), the epothilones, and discodermolide. The purpose of this study was to examine the synergistic interactions of(More)
Paclitaxel (Taxol®), a drug used to treat solid tumors of the breast, ovary and lung, stabilizes microtubules and arrests cells in G2/M of the cell cycle. Using two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis (DIGE), we examined the proteomic response of a human HL-60 promyeloid leukemic cell line to paclitaxel. Our intention was to compare the effects(More)
Peloruside B (2), a natural congener of peloruside A (1), was isolated in sub-milligram quantities from the New Zealand marine sponge Mycale hentscheli. Peloruside B promotes microtubule polymerization and arrests cells in the G(2)/M phase of mitosis similar to paclitaxel, and its bioactivity was comparable to that of peloruside A. NMR-directed isolation,(More)
BACKGROUND A lack of consistent guidelines regarding mammographic compression has led to wide variation in its technical execution. Breast compression is accomplished by means of a compression paddle, resulting in a certain contact area between the paddle and the breast. This procedure is associated with varying levels of discomfort or pain. On current(More)
Peloruside A is a microtubule-stabilizing agent that is currently under investigation as a potential anticancer agent. Peloruside A binds to a site on β-tubulin that is distinct to that of the taxanes (paclitaxel and docetaxel) and the epothilones. An attractive clinical quality of microtubule-stabilizing agents is their ability to target multiple(More)
Polyglutamylation of tubulin and other non-tubulin substrates is a reversible posttranslational modification brought about by tubulin tyrosine-like ligases. Altered polyglutamylation is linked to tumorigenesis and resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs that target the microtubule, and therefore is a potential pharmacological target in cancer therapy. Despite(More)
Mammographic breast density (MBD) has been proven to be an important risk factor for breast cancer and an important determinant of mammographic screening performance. The measurement of density has changed dramatically since its inception. Initial qualitative measurement methods have been found to have limited consistency between readers, and in regards to(More)