Ariane Berdal

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Antisense RNA was a rather uncommon term in a physiology environment until short interfering RNAs emerged as the tool of choice to knock down the expression of specific genes. As a consequence, the concept of RNA having regulatory potential became widely accepted. Yet, there is more to come. Computational studies suggest that between 15 and 25% of mammalian(More)
Bidirectional transcription, leading to the expression of an antisense (AS) RNA partially complementary to the protein coding sense (S) RNA, is an emerging subject in mammals and has been associated with various processes such as RNA interference, imprinting and transcription inhibition. Homeobox genes do not escape this bidirectional transcription, raising(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Calcium homeostasis requires regulated cellular and interstitial systems interacting to modulate the activity and movement of this ion. Disruption of these systems in the kidney results in nephrocalcinosis and nephrolithiasis, important medical problems whose pathogenesis is incompletely understood. METHODS We investigated 25 patients from(More)
Msx and Dlx homeobox genes encode for transcription factors that control early morphogenesis. More specifically, Msx-1, Msx-2, and Dlx-2 homeobox genes contribute to the initial patterning of the dentition. The present study is devoted to the potential role of those homeobox genes during the late formation of mineralized tissues, using the rodent incisor as(More)
AIM A tissue-engineered periodontal ligament (PDL) around implants would represent an important new therapeutic tool to replace lost teeth. The PDL is the key to tooth anchoring; it connects tooth root and alveolar bone, and it sustains bone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cells were isolated from PDL and cultured in a bioreactor on titanium pins. After(More)
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of inherited dental enamel defects. Commonly described as an isolated trait, it may be observed concomitantly with other orodental and/or systemic features such as nephrocalcinosis in Enamel Renal Syndrome (ERS, MIM#204690), or gingival hyperplasia in Amelogenesis Imperfecta(More)
Teeth are specialized structural components of the craniofacial skeleton. Developmental defects occur either alone or in combination with other birth defects. In this paper, we review the dental anomalies in several multiple congenital anomaly (MCA) syndromes, in which the dental component is pivotal in the recognition of the phenotype and/or the molecular(More)
Tooth development is a complex process including successive stages of initiation, morphogenesis, and histogenesis. The role of the Dlx family of homeobox genes during the early stages of tooth development has been widely analyzed, while little data has been reported on their role in dental histogenesis. The expression pattern of Dlx2 has been described in(More)
Dlx (distal-less gene) homeogenes encode transcription factors that are involved in the patterning of orofacial skeleton derived from cephalic neural crest cells. In order to study the role of DLX genes during embryonic development in human, DLX5 expression pattern was investigated in 6- to 11-week-old human embryos. A DLX5 PCR fragment was amplified from a(More)
The immunocytochemical patterns of calbindin-D9k (CaBP 9k) and calbindin-D28k (CaBP 28k) were compared by light and electron microscopy throughout amelogenesis. Labelling on serial sections and co-localization of CaBPs confirmed that the two proteins were restricted to a single cell type, the ameloblasts. Their quantity increased during presecretion, was(More)