Ariaki Nagayama

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Some methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains in which combinations of vancomycin (VCM) and beta-lactam antibiotics show antagonism have recently emerged, and these strains are called beta-lactam-induced VCM-resistant MRSA (BIVR). We examined whether various antibiotics exhibited an antagonistic effect with VCM when used against Mu3 and(More)
The Gen-Probe APTIMA Combo 2 assay has previously been reported to have a high sensitivity. The end point of this assay was evaluated using highly purified chlamydial elementary bodies (EBs). The performance of the APTIMA Combo 2 assay was compared with a commercially available PCR kit, AMPLICOR Chlamydia trachomatis. The number of inclusions of C.(More)
In general, the elderly show a significant age-related decline in their immune response, thus leading to an increased vulnerability to infections or to an increase in the occurrence of malignant tumors. In this study, we examined the effect of Hochu-ekki-to (HOT or TJ-41) on the immunological capacity of the elderly. A group of elderly patients complaining(More)
Recent studies have shown that the urogenital pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis to be a major bacterium triggering reactive arthritis (ReA), and is able to induce interleukin-6 (IL-6) production in human fibroblast-like synovial cells (FSC) in vitro. In the present study, we examined the correlation between IL-6 production and multiplication of chlamydia in(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between active compared to inactive lifestyles and immunocompetence in men. Subjects, all male volunteers, regularly exercising moderately were separated into three age groups: young (20-39 years), middle-aged (40-59 years) and elderly (more than 60 years). Age-matched sedentary male subjects served(More)
Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of vancomycin (VCM) and teicoplanin (TEIC) were measured using a novel susceptibility test based on the chemiluminescence assay (CA) method (Rapid-Lumi Eiken; Eiken Chemicals, Tokyo, Japan) against 33 strains in total: 7, 5, and 10 strains of which are VCM-resistant enterococci (VRE) with vanA, vanB, and vanC genes,(More)
The effects of the sub-MIC of antibiotics on the surface hydrophobicity and charge of Staphylococcus aureus were examined by the contact angle method and by microscopic electrophoresis, and the production of oxygen-derived radicals by mouse peritoneal macrophages was measured by a luminol-chemiluminescence assay. The treatment of the bacterial cells with(More)
AIMS To examine the detection limit of the ligase chain reaction kit for Chlamydia trachomatis, to study the inhibitory effect of phosphate on the ligase chain reaction, and to clarify the mechanism of inhibition. METHODS Three reference serovars of C trachomatis--D/UW-3/Cx, F/UW-6/Cx, and L2/434/Bu--were used to test the sensitivity of the chlamydia(More)
A study was undertaken with different serovars (D, E, F, L2, MoPn) of Chlamydia trachomatis to determine the analytical sensitivity of a new dual amplified immunoassay (IDEIA PCE Chlamydia) for detecting chlamydial lipopolysaccharide. IDEIA PCE Chlamydia incorporates a polymer conjugate consisting of multiple copies of antibody and enzyme molecules to(More)
We developed a simple method that can replace the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to distinguish between vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) with the vanA, vanB and vanC genes. The method is based on induction of teicoplanin resistance by vancomycin in vanB-VRE, while the two compounds have a synergistic effect in vanC-VRE. In addition, vanA-VRE shows(More)