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The authors studied prospectively the effects of thiopental anesthesia on seizure control, hemodynamics, and the course of intensive care in 10 patients with refractory status epilepticus. Clinical and electrophysiological seizures were terminated in every patient. Hemodynamically, thiopental was well tolerated, but slow recovery from anesthesia prolonged(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety of long-distance ground interhospital transport of critically ill patients with the most severe unstable respiratory failure after establishment of a dedicated transport system. DESIGN AND SETTING Cohort study, retrospective chart review in 13 hospitals and intensive care units (ICU) in Finland, and a tertiary referral(More)
INTRODUCTION Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) may damage the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal gland (HPA) axis and disturb cortisol metabolism. There are no available data that relates to the response of the HPA axis in the acute phase of SAH. We aimed to characterise the behavior of serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), total cortisol, stimulated total(More)
Urine output (UO) criterion may increase the sensitivity of the definition of acute kidney injury (AKI). We determined whether the empirically derived definition for oliguria(<0.5 ml/kg/h) is independently associated with adverse outcome. Data analysis included hourly recorded UO from the prospective, multicenter FINNAKI study conducted in 16 Finnish(More)
Tissue perfusion is at risk during cardiac surgery and in the immediate postoperative period. The association of low blood flow with metabolic acidosis and accumulation of lactate perioperatively has been well established. With the improvements in cardiopulmonary bypass and overall hemodynamic management, severe peri- and postoperative hypoperfusion has(More)
PURPOSE Appropriate treatment of generalized convulsive refractory status epilepticus (RSE) requires general anesthesia in the intensive care unit (ICU) with continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) monitoring. During out of office hours and weekends, cEEG monitoring is not always available. The Bispectral Index (BIS) monitor can be used to assess the(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the occurrence rate of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) using established criteria in a well-defined general patient population, to study the clinical course of ARDS when patients were ventilated using a "lung-protective" strategy, and to define the total costs of care. DESIGN A 3-yr (1993 through 1995) retrospective(More)
Early diagnosis of postoperative perfusion failure is essential in microsurgical tissue transfer. In order to determine if microdialysis could be used in diagnosing flap ischemia, we tested this method in an experimental pig model. Sixty-six flaps (34 myocutaneous and 29 cutaneous) were created in 18 anesthetized pigs. During the experiment, secondary(More)
UNLABELLED This study was designed to create a reproducible model for experimental burn wound research in pigs. Previously, the thicker paraspinal skin has been used. We used the more human-like ventral skin to create burns of different depths. Contact burns were created to 11 pigs using a brass plate heated to 100 degrees C in boiling water. Different(More)
OBJECTIVE Hospital mortality increases if acutely ill patients are admitted to hospitals on weekends as compared with weekdays. Night discharges may increase mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients but the effect of ICU admission time on mortality is not known. We studied the effects of ICU admission and discharge times on mortality and the time of(More)