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CONTEXT Between March and July 2009, the largest number of confirmed cases of 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection occurred in North America. OBJECTIVE To describe characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of critically ill patients in Canada with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS A prospective observational study of 168(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome is more frequent than death in paediatric intensive care units. Estimation of the severity of this syndrome could be a useful additional outcome measure in clinical trials in such units. We aimed to validate the paediatric logistic organ dysfunction (PELOD) score and estimate its validity when recorded daily(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the epidemiology of and identify risk factors for neonatal cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CS-AKI) and determine its impact on clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN Using secondary analysis of data from an ongoing multiprovincial prospective cohort study, we studied 264 neonates undergoing complex cardiac repair. CS-AKI(More)
  • Ari R Joffe
  • 2007
A recent commentary defends 1) the concept of 'brain arrest' to explain what brain death is, and 2) the concept that death occurs at 2-5 minutes after absent circulation. I suggest that both these claims are flawed. Brain arrest is said to threaten life, and lead to death by causing a secondary respiratory then cardiac arrest. It is further claimed that(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal hemoglobin threshold for erythrocyte transfusions in critically ill children is unknown. We hypothesized that a restrictive transfusion strategy of using packed red cells that were leukocyte-reduced before storage would be as safe as a liberal transfusion strategy, as judged by the outcome of multiple-organ dysfunction. METHODS In(More)
BACKGROUND Hypothermia therapy improves survival and the neurologic outcome in animal models of traumatic brain injury. However, the effect of hypothermia therapy on the neurologic outcome and mortality among children who have severe traumatic brain injury is unknown. METHODS In a multicenter, international trial, we randomly assigned children with severe(More)
The recent Canadian forum's recommendations regarding "neurological determination of death" claim to have determined a "Canadian definition, criteria, and minimum testing requirements for neurological determination of death." In this review the problems with this statement are discussed. The criterion of neurological determination of death does not fulfill(More)
BACKGROUND The newest measure of neurodevelopmental outcomes, the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition (Bayley-III), gives higher-than-expected scores for preterm infants; results after cardiac surgery are unknown. OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to report Bayley-III scores after cardiac surgery and compare the results with(More)
There has been controversy regarding the risk of cerebral herniation caused by a lumbar puncture (LP) in acute bacterial meningitis (ABM). This review discusses in detail the issues involved in this controversy. Cerebral herniation occurs in about 5% of patients with ABM, accounting for about 30% of the mortality. In many reports, LP is temporally strongly(More)
INTRODUCTION The timely provision of critical care to hospitalised patients at risk for cardiopulmonary arrest is contingent upon identification and referral by frontline providers. Current approaches require improvement. In a single-centre study, we developed the Bedside Paediatric Early Warning System (Bedside PEWS) score to identify patients at risk. The(More)