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BACKGROUND The TRPA1 ion channel modulates excitability of nociceptors, and it may be activated by compounds resulting from oxidative insults. Diabetes mellitus produces oxidative stress and sensory neuropathy. The authors tested the hypothesis that diabetes-induced endogenous compounds acting on the TRPA1 ion channel contribute to development and(More)
Peripheral diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is a devastating complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). Here we test the hypothesis that the transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) ion channel on primary afferent nerve fibers is involved in the pathogenesis of PDN, due to sustained activation by reactive compounds generated in DM. DM was induced by(More)
Alpha2-adrenergic receptors (alpha2-adrenoceptors) mediate various physiological actions of endogenous catecholamines in the central and peripheral nervous systems being involved in alertness, heart rate regulation, vasomotor control and nociceptive processing. In the present study, the pharmacological profile of a novel alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist,(More)
The transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) ion channel is expressed on nociceptive primary afferent neurons. On the proximal nerve ending within the spinal dorsal horn, TRPA1 regulates transmission to spinal interneurons, and thereby pain hypersensitivity. Here we assessed whether the contribution of the spinal TRPA1 channel to pain hypersensitivity(More)
Previous results indicate that intaperitoneal administration of a TRPA1 channel antagonist attenuates diabetic hypersensitivity. We studied whether the antihypersensitivity effect induced by a TRPA1 channel antagonist in diabetic animals is explained by action on the TRPA1 channel in the skin, the spinal cord, or both. For comparison, we determined the(More)
BACKGROUND The transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) ion channel is expressed on nociceptive primary afferent nerve fibers. On the distal ending, it is involved in transduction of noxious stimuli, and on the proximal ending (within the spinal dorsal horn), it regulates transmission of nociceptive signals. Here we studied whether the cutaneous or(More)
We characterized pain behavior and cutaneous blood flow response induced by activation of the spinal transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel using intrathecal drug administrations in the rat. Additionally, we assessed whether the pronociceptive actions induced by intrathecally administered dynorphin A, cholecystokinin or prostaglandin F(2α)(More)
The α2-adrenoceptors (ARs) are important modulators of a wide array of physiological responses. As only a few selective compounds for the three α2-AR subtypes (α2A , α2B and α2C ) have been available, the pharmacological profile of a new α2C-selective AR antagonist ORM-10921 is reported. Standard in vitro receptor assays and antagonism of α2, and α1-AR(More)
Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel antagonists have suppressed mechanical hypersensitivity in peripheral neuropathy, while their effect on ongoing neuropathic pain is not yet known. Here, we assessed whether blocking the TRPA1 channel induces place-preference, an index for the relief of ongoing pain, in two experimental rat models of(More)