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Ligand-induced desensitization of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is controlled by c-Cbl, a ubiquitin ligase that binds multiple signaling proteins, including the Grb2 adaptor. Consistent with a negative role for c-Cbl, here we report that defective Tyr1045 of EGFR, an inducible c-Cbl docking site, enhances the mitogenic response to EGF.(More)
Here we investigated the potential role of bone-resorbing osteoclasts in homeostasis and stress-induced mobilization of hematopoietic progenitors. Different stress situations induced activity of osteoclasts (OCLs) along the stem cell–rich endosteum region of bone, secretion of proteolytic enzymes and mobilization of progenitors. Specific stimulation of OCLs(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase epsilon (PTP epsilon) is strongly expressed in the nervous system; however, little is known about its physiological role. We report that mice lacking PTP epsilon exhibit hypomyelination of sciatic nerve axons at an early post-natal age. This occurs together with increased activity of delayed- rectifier, voltage-gated potassium(More)
The receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase epsilon (RPTPɛ) activates c-Src in mammary tumor cells induced in vivo by Neu. Tumor cells lacking RPTPɛ exhibit reduced c-Src activity, appear less transformed morphologically and proliferate slower in vitro and in vivo. Expression of Src rescues most of these phenotypes, indicating that c-Src activity is(More)
Mutations in atm and p53 cause the human cancer-associated diseases ataxia-telangiectasia1 and Li-Fraumeni syndrome2,3, respectively. The two genes are believed to interact in a number of pathways4–6, including regulation of DNA damage–induced cell-cycle checkpoints7, apoptosis and radiation sensitivity8, and cellular proliferation9. Atm-null mice10–12, as(More)
To study the influence of subcellular localization as a determinant of signal transduction specificity, we assessed the effects of wild-type transmembrane and cytoplasmic protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) epsilon on tyrosine kinase signalling in baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells overexpressing the insulin receptor (BHK-IR). The efficiency by which(More)
The platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) beta receptor mediates mitogenic and chemotactic signals. Like other tyrosine kinase receptors, the PDGF beta receptor is negatively regulated by protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). To explore whether T-cell PTP (TC-PTP) negatively regulates the PDGF beta receptor, we compared PDGF beta receptor tyrosine(More)
Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels are a complex and heterogeneous family of proteins that play major roles in brain and cardiac excitability. Although Kv channels are activated by changes in cell membrane potential, tyrosine phosphorylation of channel subunits can modulate the extent of channel activation by depolarization. We have previously shown that(More)
Some 40-odd genes in mammals encode phosphotyrosine-specific, 'classical' protein tyrosine phosphatases. The generation of animal model systems and the study of various human disease states have begun to elucidate the important and diverse roles of protein tyrosine phosphatases in cellular signalling pathways, development and disease. Here, we provide an(More)
Identification of genes that are upregulated during mammary epithelial cell morphogenesis may reveal novel regulators of tumorigenesis. We have demonstrated that gene expression programs in mammary epithelial cells grown in monolayer cultures differ significantly from those in three-dimensional (3D) cultures. We identify a protein tyrosine phosphate, PTPRO,(More)