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Glutathione synthase catalyzes the final ATP-dependent step in glutathione biosynthesis, the formation of glutathione from gamma-glutamylcysteine and glycine. We have determined structures of yeast glutathione synthase in two forms: unbound (2.3 A resolution) and bound to its substrate gamma-glutamylcysteine, the ATP analog AMP-PNP, and two magnesium ions(More)
We have studied the relationship between amino acid sequence and substrate specificity in a DNA glycosylase family by characterizing experimentally the specificity of four new members of the family. We show that principal component analysis (PCA) of the sequence family correctly predicts the substrate specificity of one of the novel homologs even though(More)
Arhonda Gogos, Haiyan Mu, Fabiana Bahna, Carlos A. Gomez, and Lawrence Shapiro Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center, Columbia(More)
MutY is an adenine-DNA glycosylase with specificity for mismatches involving 8-oxoguanine (oG.A) or guanine (G.A). In addition to a 25 kDa catalytic domain common to all members of its DNA glycosylase superfamily, MutY has a 14 kDa C-terminal domain. Sequence analyses suggest that this C-terminal domain is distantly related to MutT, a pyrophosphohydrolase(More)
A thermostable 8-oxoguanine (oxoG) DNA glycosylase from Methanococcus jannaschii has been expressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and characterized. The enzyme, which has been named mjOgg, belongs to the same diverse DNA glycosylase superfamily as the 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylases from yeast (yOgg1) and human (hOgg1) but is substantially different in(More)
Operons encoding stable toxins and their labile antidote are widespread in prokaryotes and play important roles in plasmid partitioning and cellular responses to stress. One such family of toxins MazF/ChpAK/PemK encodes an endoribonuclease that inactivates cellular mRNAs by cleaving them at specific, but frequently occurring sites. Here we show that the(More)
Escherichia coli MutY is a 39 kDa adenine DNA glycosylase and 3' apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) lyase that is active on DNA substrates containing A/G, A/C, or A/8-oxoG mismatches. 8-oxoG (7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine or GO) is a major stable product of oxidative damage, and A/GO mismatches may be particularly important biological substrates for MutY. Proteolytic(More)
Crystal structures are reported for free and coenzyme A (CoA) bound forms of the YfdW protein from Escherichia coli, a representative type III CoA transferase. The structures reveal a two-domain protomer with interdomain connections forming a ring-like structure with a large central hole. Two protomers associate to form a highly intertwined dimer in which(More)
College's (UMUC) Department of Education developed a program to increase achievement of secondary school students and increase retention of Master of Arts in Teaching Program (MAT) pre-service teacher candidates entitled, " Professional Partnerships ". " Professional Partnerships " is a tiered system of support that promotes stakeholder success by providing(More)
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