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The terpenoid indole alkaloids are one of the major classes of plant-derived natural products and are well known for their many applications in the pharmaceutical, fragrance and cosmetics industries. Hairy root cultures are useful for the production of plant secondary metabolites because of their genetic and biochemical stability and their rapid growth in(More)
Diagnostic processes of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are evolving. Knowledge about disease-specific biomarkers is constantly increasing and larger volumes of data are being measured from patients. To gain additional benefits from the collected data, a novel statistical modeling and data visualization system is proposed for supporting clinical diagnosis of AD.(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to study the 24-h profiles of GH, prolactin (PRL), and cortisol concentrations in older postmenopausal and middle-aged premenopausal women, before and after estrogen-progestin treatment (EPT). DESIGN The study was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. GH, PRL, and cortisol were sampled every 20 min for 24 h in(More)
While there are a number of studies demonstrating association between arterial oxyhaemoglobin saturation events during sleep and markers of vascular impairment, the contribution of peripheral carbon dioxide to the development of atherosclerosis is poorly understood. We used ultrasound imaging to measure carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), as well(More)
Medical research and clinical practice are currently being redefined by the constantly increasing amounts of multiscale patient data. New methods are needed to translate them into knowledge that is applicable in healthcare. Multiscale modeling has emerged as a way to describe systems that are the source of experimental data. Usually, a multiscale model is(More)
The risks of metabolic syndrome and sleep-disordered breathing increase around the time of the menopause. We have previously shown that features of the nocturnal transcutaneous carbon dioxide (TcCO2) profile are associated with metabolic variables such as cholesterol, glycosylated haemoglobin A1C (GHbA1C) and blood pressure in patients with sleep apnoea. In(More)
In applications where random multi-photon events must be distinguishable from the background, detection of the signals must be based on either analog current measurement or photon counting and multi-level discrimination of single and multi-photon events. In this paper a novel method for optimizing photomultiplier (PMT) pulse discrimination levels in single-(More)
OBJECTIVE To systematically investigate whether overnight features in transcutaneous carbon dioxide (P(TcCO(2)) measurements can predict metabolic variables in subject with suspected sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS The features extracted from the P(TcCO(2)) signal included the number of abrupt descents per hour and attributes that characterize the(More)
Upper airway flow-limitation is often but not always associated with prolonged gradually increasing respiratory effort. We investigated the changes in transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension (tcCO(2)) during episodes of upper airway flow limitation during sleep with or without respiratory effort response. Seventy-seven episodes of progressive flow-limitation(More)
Algal lipids provide essential fatty acids for higher trophic levels in the marine food web, and understanding the fatty acid composition in phytoplankton is critical for evaluating its value as a diet. Nineteen microalgal species, mainly originating from the Baltic Sea, covering major algal classes were grown in different growth conditions. Samples were(More)