Arezoo Campbell

Learn More
Although aluminum is the most abundant metal in nature, it has no known biological function. However, it is known that there is a causal role for aluminum in dialysis encephalopathy, microcytic anemia, and osteomalacia. Aluminum has also been proposed to play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) even though this issue is controversial. The(More)
The developing brain has a distinctive set of characteristics that make it unusually sensitive to damage by toxic agents. Mechanistic understanding of the vulnerability of the immature nervous system to various chemicals is important from a preventive perspective but has also frequently given us new insights into maturation of neural circuitry. This review(More)
The etiology of neurodegenerative disorders is at present unknown. However, many of these disorders are associated with an increase in oxidative and inflammatory events. Although a small percentage of these disorders are familial cases linked to specific genetic defects, most are idiopathic. Thus, environmental factors are thought to play an important role(More)
The proposition that environmental agents, such as diet, aluminum, and viruses, are as important as genetic factors in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) was advanced by the authors at the Challenging Views of Alzheimer's Disease meeting held in Cincinnati on July 28 and 29, 2001. Diet, dietary fat, and to a lesser extent, total energy (caloric(More)
In addition to evidence that inhalation of ambient particulate matter (PM) can increase cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality, the brain may also constitute a site adversely effected by the environmental presence of airborne particulate matter. We have examined the association between exposure to PM and adverse CNS effects in apolipoprotein E knockout(More)
Inflammatory events have been associated with senile plaques, one of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is believed that aggregated beta-amyloid (betaA) proteins, which form the core of these plaques, may be responsible for triggering the inflammatory reaction. In the present study, the ability of aluminum (Al) to initiate similar(More)
BACKGROUND Cerium oxide (CeO(2)) nanoparticles improve the burning efficiency of fuel, however, little is known about health impacts of altered emissions from the vehicles. METHODS Atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice were exposed by inhalation to diluted exhaust (1.7 mg/m(3), 20, 60 or 180 min, 5 day/week, for 4 weeks), from(More)
Particulate matter (PM), a component of air pollution has been epidemiologically associated with sudden deaths, cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses. The effects are more pronounced in patients with pre-existing conditions such as asthma, diabetes or obstructive pulmonary disorders. Clinical and experimental studies have historically focused on the(More)
Aluminum, a trivalent cation unable to undergo redox reactions, has been linked to many diseases such as dialysis dementia and microcytic anemia without iron deficiency. It has also been implicated in Alzheimer's disease although this is controversial. Because cell death due to oxidative injury is suspected to be a contributory factor in many neurological(More)
Aluminium is a trivalent cation that does not undergo redox changes. It has, nonetheless, been implicated in a variety of neurological disorders that have been associated with an increase in the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The exact mechanism of aluminium toxicity is not known. However, accumulating evidence suggests that the metal can(More)