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In the past function of mycorrhizas has been examined at the level either of the isolated individual root or of the individual entire plant. It is shown here that ectomycorrhizal mycelial strands can extend from plant to plant, thus initiating infection in seedlings, and that the resulting fungal interconnections provide functional pathways for the transfer(More)
Minimizing the energy consumed by heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems of residential buildings without impacting occupants’ comfort has been highlighted as an important artificial intelligence (AI) challenge. Typically, approaches that seek to address this challenge use a model that captures the thermal dynamics within a(More)
— Ambient Intelligence (AmI) is a vision that refers to an information technology paradigm where a physical environment is 'aware' of its human occupants' presence/context and is sensitive, adaptive and responsive to their needs. Physical environments that are augmented with AmI are called Ambient Intelligent Environments (AIEs) which are deemed to be(More)
Ubiquitous Computing asserts that technology will soon be pervasive in our lives. But how will that technology be organized and made available to us as we roam through the many spaces of our daily lives? How will we see and use that which we have a right to, and more importantly, how will a lack of access rights be enforced? These are questions that have(More)
A high prediction accuracy of the students' performance is more helpful to identify the low performance students at the beginning of the learning process. Data mining is used to attain this objective. Data mining techniques are used to discover models or patterns of data, and it is much helpful in the decision-making. Boosting technique is the most popular(More)
In a broad sense, the Computing With Words (CWW) vision tries to tackle the problem of human intelligence by taking the human mind as a role model. A key element to facilitate the mapping of the human's brain reasoning into computer processes is to identify the step-by-step formation of perceptual judgments. In this paper, we present an approach that(More)