Aree Thayananuphat

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We investigated the neuroendocrine changes involved in the transition from incubating eggs to brooding of the young in turkeys. Numbers of mesotocin (MT; the avian analog of mammalian oxytocin) immunoreactive (ir) neurons were higher in the nucleus paraventricularis magnocellularis (PVN) and nucleus supraopticus, pars ventralis (SOv) of late stage(More)
Day length cues are used by temperate zone birds to time seasonal changes in reproductive physiology and behavior. However, the neuronal and neurochemical circuits used to measure day length (photoperiodic time measurement; PTM), transduce light information and activate the reproductive neuroendocrine system have not been definitely established. Recent(More)
In birds, changes in hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone-I (GnRH-I) content and release are correlated with reproductive stages. This study examined the distribution and expression level of GnRH-I mRNA in anatomically discrete hypothalamic nuclei throughout the turkey reproductive cycle and following photostimulation. GnRH-I mRNA expression was(More)
Day length (photoperiod) is a powerful synchroniser of seasonal changes in the reproductive neuroendocrine activity in temperate-zone birds. When exposed to light during the photoinducible phase, reproductive neuroendocrine responses occur. However, the neuroendocrine systems involved in avian reproduction are poorly understood. We investigated the effect(More)
Our previous studies using turkey hens have demonstrated that c-fos mRNA (a marker of neuronal activation) is expressed in gonadotrophin-releasing hormone-I (GnRH-I), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and dopamine (DA) neurones following electrical stimulation in the preoptic area. DA has been shown to have both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on the(More)
The neural and neurochemical substrates regulating reproduction in birds remain vaguely defined. The findings that electrical stimulation in the medial preoptic area (ES/MPOA) or intracerebroventricular infusion of dopamine (DA) stimulated luteinising hormone (LH) and prolactin (PRL) release in female turkeys, led to the suggestion that ES/MPOA might help(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Photoperiod is a major environmental cue in temperate-zone birds which synchronizes breeding with the time of year that offers the optimal environment for offspring survival. Despite continued long photoperiods, these birds eventually become refractory to the stimulating photoperiod and their reproductive systems regress. In this study, we(More)
The purpose of the present study was to establish normal electroretinogram (ERG) parameters using 56 normal eyes of four dog breeds common in Thailand: poodle, Labrador retriever, Thai ridgeback, and Thai Bangkaew. Standard ERG findings were bilaterally recorded using a handheld multi-species ERG unit with an ERG-jet lens electrode for 28 dogs under(More)
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