Ardythe L. Morrow

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A 3 alpha-hydroxy A-ring-reduced metabolite of progesterone, 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one (allopregnanolone), and one of deoxycorticosterone (DOC), 3 alpha,21-dihydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20- one (allotetrahydroDOC), are among the most potent known ligands of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors designated GABAA in the central nervous system.(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe diarrhea in infants. To provide a base line for assessing the efficacy of rotavirus vaccines, we evaluated the protection that is conferred by natural rotavirus infection. METHODS We monitored 200 Mexican infants from birth to two years of age by weekly home visits and stool collections. A physician(More)
Developmental changes in miniature IPSC (mIPSC) kinetics have been demonstrated previously in cerebellar neurons in rodents. We report that these kinetic changes in mice are determined primarily by developmental changes in GABA(A) receptor subunit expression. mIPSCs were studied by whole-cell recordings in cerebellar slices, prepared from postnatal day 11(More)
The past decade has brought many advances in our understanding of GABAA receptor-mediated ethanol action in the central nervous system. We now know that specific GABAA receptor subtypes are sensitive to ethanol at doses attained during social drinking while other subtypes respond to ethanol at doses attained by severe intoxication. Furthermore, ethanol(More)
Norovirus and Sapovirus are two genera of the family Caliciviridae that contain viruses that can cause acute gastroenteritis in humans. Noroviruses (NOR) are genetically highly diverse but limited studies of the genetic diversity of sapoviruses (SAP) have been reported. In this study we characterized twenty-five SAP detected in our laboratory from outbreaks(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to examine basal and stress-induced levels of the neuroactive progesterone metabolite, allopregnanolone, in women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and healthy control subjects. Also, because evidence suggests that allopregnanolone negatively modulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, plasma cortisol(More)
The pharmacological properties of gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABA(A)) receptors are altered by prolonged exposure to ethanol both in vivo and in vitro. We have shown previously that prolonged ethanol exposure elicits selective alterations in various GABA(A) receptor subunit mRNA levels in rat cerebral cortex. Some of these effects are rapidly reversed during(More)
UNLABELLED This study compared production of IL-2, IFN-gamma, IL-4, IL-13, IL-5 and IL-10 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 20 children with autism spectrum disorder to those from matched controls. Levels of all Th2 cytokines were significantly higher in cases after incubation in media alone, but the IFN-gamma/IL-13 ratio was not significantly(More)
Systemic ethanol administration elevates plasma and brain levels of GABAergic neuroactive steroids, including 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (3alpha,5alpha-THP) that contribute to specific behavioral actions of ethanol. The present study determined the effect of adrenalectomy and 5alpha-reductase type-1/type-2 enzyme inhibition, known to reduce(More)
Noroviruses, an important cause of acute gastroenteritis, have been found to recognize human histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) as receptors. Four strain-specific binding patterns to HBGAs have been described in our previous report. In this study, we have extended the binding patterns to seven based on 14 noroviruses examined. The oligosaccharide-based(More)