Arduino A Mangoni

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The ageing process is associated with important changes in the responses of the cardiovascular system to pharmacological stimuli. They are not limited to the arterial system, involved in the modulation of cardiac afterload and vascular resistance, but they also involve the low-resistance capacitance venous system and the heart. The main changes include loss(More)
Advancing age is characterized by impairment in the function of the many regulatory processes that provide functional integration between cells and organs. Therefore, there may be a failure to maintain homeostasis under conditions of physiological stress. The reduced homeostatic ability affects different regulatory systems in different subjects, thus(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess possible associations between anticholinergic drug exposure and serum anticholinergic activity (SAA) and their capacities to predict all-cause mortality in older hospitalized patients. SETTING Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS Data on clinical characteristics, full medication exposure, SAA, and 4 anticholinergic(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous methylated form of the amino acid L-arginine, inhibits the activity of the enzyme endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), with consequent reduced synthesis of nitric oxide (NO). An increased synthesis and/or a reduced catabolism of ADMA might contribute to the onset and progression of atherosclerosis and(More)
The Drug Burden Index (DBI) is associated with poorer physical function in stable, community-dwelling, older people. The authors speculated that a higher DBI is associated with reduced physical function (Barthel Index, primary outcome) and predicts adverse outcomes (length of stay, in-hospital mortality, secondary outcomes) in frail, acutely ill, older(More)
OBJECTIVES The anticholinergic risk scale (ARS) score is associated with the number of anticholinergic side effects in older outpatients. We tested the hypothesis that high ARS scores are negatively associated with "global" parameters of physical function (Barthel Index, primary outcome) and predict length of stay and in-hospital mortality (secondary(More)
BACKGROUND Hypothyroidism is frequently accompanied by cardiac dysfunction, increased vascular resistance and a greater prevalence of hypertension. Whether this condition is also accompanied by alterations of large artery function and structure is not known, however. PATIENTS AND METHODS We investigated radial artery compliance and wall thickness as well(More)
AIM The aim was to investigate associations between drugs with anticholinergic effects (DACEs) and cognitive impairment, falls and all-cause mortality in older adults. METHODS A literature search using CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase and PubMed databases was conducted for randomized controlled trials, prospective and retrospective cohort and case-control(More)
AIMS We studied the association between either non-selective NSAIDs (ns-NSAIDs), selective COX-2 inhibitors, or any NSAID and risk of incident myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure (HF), and all-cause mortality in elderly subjects. METHODS We conducted a retrospective nested case-control study on Australian veterans using nationwide hospital(More)
BACKGROUND Twenty-four hour ambulatory blood pressure thresholds have been defined for the diagnosis of mild hypertension but not for its treatment or for other blood pressure thresholds used in the diagnosis of moderate to severe hypertension. We aimed to derive age and sex related ambulatory blood pressure equivalents to clinic blood pressure thresholds(More)