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—This paper looks into recent developments and research trends in collision avoidance/warning systems and automation of vehicle longitudinal/lateral control tasks. It is an attempt to provide a bigger picture of the very diverse, detailed and highly multidisciplinary research in this area. Based on diversely selected research, this paper explains the(More)
Good estimates of vehicle mass and road grade are important in automation of heavy duty vehicle, vehicle following maneuvers or traditional powertrain control schemes. Recursive Least Square with multiple forgetting factors accounts for different rates of change for different parameters and thus, enables simultaneous estimation of the time-varying grade and(More)
— A mild parallel hybrid powertrain is considered in which an electric motor and an ultracapacitor-based energy source assist the combustion engine during periods of high power demand. The ultracapacitor may be recharged by the engine during periods of low demand, and through regenera-tive braking. A rule-based control strategy is defined, which determines(More)
The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the feasibility of estimating traffic signal phase and timing from statistical patterns in low-frequency vehicular probe data. We use a public feed of bus location and velocity data in the city of San Francisco, CA, USA, as an example data source. We show that it is possible to estimate, fairly accurately, cycle(More)
The problem of oxygen starvation in fuel cells coupled with air compressor saturation limits is addressed in this paper. We propose using a hybrid configuration, in which a bank of ultracapacitors supplements the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell during fast current transients. Our objective is to avoid fuel cell oxygen starvation, prevent air(More)
When current is drawn from a fuel cell, it is critical that the reacted oxygen is replenished rapidly by the air supply system to avoid stack starvation and damage. We first explain that in a stand-alone fuel cell, there is lack of control authority in avoiding excessive oxygen starvation during high current demand. In the hybrid configuration introduced in(More)