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We report exceptionally low PM noise levels from a microwave oscillator that uses a conventional air-dielectric cavity resonator as a frequency discriminator. Our approach is to increase the discriminator's intrinsic signal-to-noise ratio by use of a high-power carrier signal to interrogate an optimally coupled cavity, while the high-level of the carrier is(More)
We present the design of a novel, ultralow-phase-noise frequency synthesizer implemented with extremely-low-noise regenerative frequency dividers. This synthesizer generates eight outputs, viz. 1.6 GHz, 320 MHz, 160 MHz, 80 MHz, 40 MHz, 20 MHz, 10 MHz and 5 MHz for an 8 GHz input frequency. The residual single-sideband (SSB) phase noises of the synthesizer(More)
A I00 GHz AM and PM noise measurement system is described. The basic approach to its construction is to apply existing state-of-the-art, cross-correlation noise measurement techniques to IO0 GHz (W-band). The system uses two amplitude-noise and phase-noise detectors operating in parallel with cross-correlation spectrum analysis so that measurement-system(More)
We designed ultra-low-noise regenerative divide-by- 2 circuits that operate at input frequencies of 10, 20, and 40 MHz. We achieved output-referred single-sideband residual phase noise equal to -164 dBc/Hz at 10 Hz offset and estimated residual Allan deviation, σ(y)(τ) less than 3 × 10(-15)τ(-1) for a single divider, which is, to our knowledge, the lowest(More)
We utilized and characterized high-power, high-linearity modified unitraveling carrier (MUTC) photodiodes for low-phase-noise photonic microwave generation based on optical frequency division (OFD). When illuminated with picosecond pulses from a repetition-rate-multiplied gigahertz Ti:sapphire modelocked laser, the photodiodes can achieve a 10 GHz signal(More)
We demonstrate a self-referenced fiber frequency comb that can operate outside the well-controlled optical laboratory. The frequency comb has residual optical linewidths of < 1 Hz, sub-radian residual optical phase noise, and residual pulse-to-pulse timing jitter of 2.4 - 5 fs, when locked to an optical reference. This fully phase-locked frequency comb has(More)
We present data that show correlations between phase fluctuations in a low g-sensitive 10 MHz oven-controlled quartz oscillator (OCXO) and acceleration/vibration sensors. We describe the equipment setup and measurement procedure. Data are in the form of scatter plots, which we find to be highly informative compared to usual L(f) plots when the oscillator is(More)
High-quality frequency references are the cornerstones in position, navigation and timing applications of both scientific and commercial domains. Optomechanical oscillators, with direct coupling to continuous-wave light and non-material-limited f × Q product, are long regarded as a potential platform for frequency reference in radio-frequency-photonic(More)
Cross-spectral analysis is a mathematical tool for extracting the power spectral density of a correlated signal from two time series in the presence of uncorrelated interfering signals. We demonstrate and explain a set of amplitude and phase conditions where the detection of the desired signal using cross-spectral analysis fails partially or entirely in the(More)