Archana Venkataraman

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Resting state functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI) is widely used to investigate brain networks that exhibit correlated fluctuations. While fcMRI does not provide direct measurement of anatomic connectivity, accumulating evidence suggests it is sufficiently constrained by anatomy to allow the architecture of distinct brain systems to be characterized. fcMRI(More)
The Digital Signal Processing Group develops signal processing algorithms that span a wide variety of application areas including speech and image processing, sensor networks, communications, radar and sonar. Our primary focus is on algorithm development in general, with the applications serving as motivating contexts. Our approach to new algorithms(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia has been associated with disturbances in brain connectivity; however the exact nature of these disturbances is not fully understood. Measuring temporal correlations between the functional MRI time courses of spatially disparate brain regions obtained during rest has recently emerged as a popular paradigm for estimating brain(More)
We present a method to detect epileptic regions based on functional connectivity differences between individual epilepsy patients and a healthy population. Our model assumes that the global functional characteristics of these differences are shared across patients, but it allows for the epileptic regions to vary between individuals. We evaluate the(More)
We propose a novel probabilistic framework to merge information from diffusion weighted imaging tractography and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging correlations to identify connectivity patterns in the brain. In particular, we model the interaction between latent anatomical and functional connectivity and present an intuitive extension to(More)
In this paper we investigate the use of data driven clustering methods for functional connectivity analysis in fMRI. In particular, we consider the K-Means and Spectral Clustering algorithms as alternatives to the commonly used Seed-Based Analysis. To enable clustering of the entire brain volume, we use the Nyström Method to approximate the necessary(More)
33 34 Resting state functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI) is widely used to investigate 35 brain networks that exhibit correlated fluctuations. While fcMRI does not provide direct 36 measurement of anatomic connectivity, accumulating evidence suggests it is sufficiently 37 constrained by anatomy to allow the architecture of distinct brain systems to be 38(More)
We propose a unified Bayesian framework to detect both hyper- and hypo-active communities within whole-brain fMRI data. Specifically, our model identifies dense subgraphs that exhibit population-level differences in functional synchrony between a control and clinical group. We derive a variational EM algorithm to solve for the latent posterior distributions(More)
Behavioral interventions for autism have gained prominence in recent years; however, the neural-systems-level targets of these interventions remain poorly understood. We use a novel Bayesian framework to extract network-based differences before and after a 16-week pivotal response treatment (PRT) regimen. Our results suggest that the functional changes(More)