Archana Laknaur

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OBJECTIVE Infection triggers inflammation that, in turn, enhances the expression of contractile-associated factors in myometrium and increases the risk of preterm delivery. In this study, we assessed vitamin D regulation of inflammatory markers, contractile-associated factors, steroid hormone receptors, and NFκB pathway proteins in human uterine myometrial(More)
Although somatic mutations in exon 2 of the mediator complex subunit 12 (MED12) gene have been reported previously in uterine fibroids in women from Finland, South Africa, and North America, the status of these mutations was not reported in the Southern United States women. The aim of this study is to determine the MED12 somatic mutations in uterine(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify and characterize myometrial/fibroid stem cells by specific stem cell markers in human myometrium, and to better understand the stem cell contribution in the development of uterine fibroids. DESIGN Prospective, experimental human and animal study. SETTING University research laboratory. PATIENT(S)/ANIMAL(S) Women undergoing(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether efficient transduction and subsequent elimination of fibroid tumor-initiating stem cells during debulking of tumor cells will aid in completely eradicating the tumor as well as decreasing the likelihood of recurrence. DESIGN Case control study. SETTING Research laboratory. PATIENT(S) None. INTERVENTION(S) Magnetic(More)
Etiology of preterm birth (PTB) is multifactorial; therefore, decreasing the incidence of PTB is a major challenge in the field of obstetrics. Epidemiological studies have reported an association between toxicants and PTB. However, there are no studies on the role of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), an environmental toxicant, in the incidence of PTB. We first assessed(More)
Uterine fibroids are benign, smooth muscle tumors that occur in approximately 70%-80% of women by age 50 yr. The cellular and molecular mechanism(s) by which uterine fibroids (UFs) develop are not fully understood. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that several genetic abnormalities, including deletions, rearrangements, translocations, as well as(More)
Uterine fibroids (UFs) are benign smooth muscle neoplasms affecting up to 70% of reproductive age women. Treatment of symptomatic UFs places a significant economic burden on the US health-care system. Several specific genetic abnormalities have been described as etiologic factors of UFs, suggesting that a low DNA damage repair capacity may be involved in(More)
Uterine fibroids, or leiomyoma, are the most common benign tumors in women of reproductive age. In this work, the effect of silencing the mediator complex subunit 12 (Med12) gene in human uterine fibroid cells was evaluated. The role of Med12 in the modulation of Wnt/β-catenin and cell proliferation-associated signaling was evaluated in human uterine(More)
Uterine fibroids (UF) are the most common pelvic tumors in women of reproductive-age and they usually cause heavy menstrual bleeding, pain and infertility. Autophagy is a collection of processes that enables the cells to digest and recycle their cytoplasmic contents, such as toxic protein aggregates, defunct or disused organelles and invading(More)
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