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Agrobacterium rhizogenes causes hairy root disease in plants. The neoplastic roots produced by A. rhizogenes infection is characterized by high growth rate and genetic stability. These genetically transformed root cultures can produce higher levels of secondary metabolites or amounts comparable to that of intact plants. Hairy root cultures offer promise for(More)
Enhancement of secondary metabolite accumulation in cultured plant cells through biotic and abiotic elicitation has been recognised as an important biotechnological strategy. Gymnema sylvestre is a rich source of triterpenoid saponins—gymnemic acids used mainly in the treatment of diabetes I and II. The cell suspension cultures initiated from the leaves and(More)
Methanol, acetone and diethyl ether extracts of Alpinia galanga have been evaluated against pathogens viz. Bacillus subtilis MTCC 2391, Enterobacter aerogene, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli MTCC 1563, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 6642, Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus(More)
Gymnema sylvestre is a natural source of gymnemic acids—a group of closely related triterpenoid saponins used in the treatment of diabetes. The present study is aimed at enhancing gymnemic acid production in G. sylvestre cell suspension cultures using the signaling molecules—methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid. Methyl jasmonate yielded the maximum gymnemic(More)
Plants are valuable sources of a variety of chemicals including drugs, flavours, pigments and agrochemicals. Some of the biochemical reactions occurring in plant cells are complex and cannot be achieved by synthetic routes. In vitro plant cell and organ cultures and plant enzymes act as suitable biocatalysts to perform these complex reactions. A wide(More)
Podophyllotoxin, a potent chemotherapeutic agent is obtained from Podophyllum hexandrum Royle. Embryos of P. hexandrum were transformed using different strains of Agrobacterium rhizogenes viz. A4, 15834, K599. Transformed nature of the calli was ascertained and the cultures were further maintained as individual clones. HPLG analysis of transformed cultures(More)
DRR17A is a stable wild-abortive cytoplasmic male sterile line with medium-slender grain type. DRR17A and its maintainer line DRR17B are highly susceptible to two of the major rice diseases, bacterial blight (BB) and blast. To improve DRR17B for resistance against BB and blast, we have introgressed a major dominant gene each conferring resistance against BB(More)
A novel ligand-free palladium-catalyzed cascade reaction for the synthesis of highly diverse isoquinolin-1(2H)-one derivatives from isocyanide and amide precursors synthesized by Ugi-MCR has been developed. A broad variety of acids, amines, and isocyanides were used as starting materials for Ugi-MCR leading to various amide precursors, which in turn(More)
Barley is the fourth most important crop in the world. Development of a regeneration system using immature embryos is both time consuming and laborious. The present study was initiated with a view to develop a regeneration system in six genotypes of Indian barley (Hordeum vulgare) cultivars as a prerequisite to transformation. The mature embryos were(More)
Phytic acid, the main storage form of phosphorous in plants cannot be digested by monogastric animals and is excreted into environment. This compound also has antinutritional effect due to its negative charge which makes it able to chelate minerals and organic elements like calcium, iron, zinc and amino acids to provoke malnutrition. Alarming increase in(More)