Archana Amatya

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BACKGROUND Melasma poses a great challenge as its treatment is unsatisfactory and recurrence is high. Treatment of melasma using tranexamic acid (oral, topical or intralesional) is a novel concept. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of oral tranexamic acid with routine topical therapies for the treatment of melasma. METHODS It is a prospective,(More)
BACKGROUND Little evidence exists on the connections between nutrition, diet intake, and quality of life (QoL) among people living with HIV (PLHIV). The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of under-nutrition among PLHIV in Nepal, and identify risk factors and assess correlations with PLHIVs' QoL and nutritional status. METHODS This quantitative(More)
A 17-year-old girl had a large abdominopelvic mass (12 x 8cm) extending from vagina, due to the presence of a complete transverse vaginal septum in its middle third which on resection facilitated the drainage and disappearance of the mass finally diagnosed as a case of mucocolpos.
BACKGROUND Molluscum contagiosum is one of the commonest cutaneous viral infections in children. All treatment modalities are associated with substantial pain, tissue destruction, and frequent recurrence. OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy and side effects of KOH 5% solution with tretinoin 0.05% cream for the treatment of molluscum contagiosum in(More)
INTRODUCTION Childhood overweight/obesity is a global health problem because of adverse health and nutrition consequences worldwide. Currently, there is a paucity of information on childhood overweight/obesity in Nepal. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of, and the factors associated with, childhood overweight/obesity among(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with clinical and cellular hypersensitivity to ultraviolet radiation and defective DNA repair. Skin cancer, mainly on the face, head or neck is very common. Inhalational anaesthetic agents and muscle relaxants are best avoided due to the possibility of inducing DNA damage and prolonged effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Pityriasis rosea is an acute, self-limiting disease, probably infective in origin, affecting mainly children and young adults, characterized by distinctive skin eruptions and minimal constitutional symptoms. Both oral Erythromycin and oral Acyclovir have been used in its management. OBJECTIVES To compare the effectiveness of oral Erythromycin(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer related deaths among women in Nepal. The long symptom to diagnosis interval means that women have advanced disease at presentation. The aim of this study was to identify, estimate and describe the extent of different delays in diagnosis of cervical cancer in Nepal. METHODS A cross-sectional(More)
BACKGROUND Nepal is experiencing a public health issue similar to the rest of the world, i.e., the geographical maldistribution of physicians. Although there is some documentation about the reasons physicians elect to leave Nepal to work abroad, very little is known about the salient factors that influence the choice of an urban versus rural practice(More)