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A search has been performed for the Standard Model Higgs boson in the data sample collected with the ALEPH detector at LEP, at centre-of-mass energies up to 209 GeV. An excess of 3 σ beyond the background expectation is found, consistent with the production of the Higgs boson with a mass near 114 GeV/c 2. Much of this excess is seen in the four-jet(More)
The cross sections and forward-backward asymmetries of hadronic and leptonic events produced in e + e − collisions at centre-of-mass energies from 130 to 183 GeV are presented. Results for e + e − , µ + µ − , τ + τ − , q¯ q, b ¯ b and c¯ c production show no significant deviation from the Standard Model predictions. This enables constraints to be set upon(More)
The Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) detector of the CMS experiment at the LHC proton collider (CERN, Switzerland) will employ an online gas analysis and monitoring system of the freon-based gas mixture used. We give an overview of the CMS RPC gas system, describe the project parameters and first results on gas-chromatograph analysis. Finally, we report on(More)
The rate of gluon splitting into c¯ c pairs in hadronic Z decays is measured using the data sample collected by ALEPH from 1991 to 1995. The selection is based on the identification of leptons (electrons and muons) originating from semileptonic charm decays, and on the topological properties of signal events. The result derived from the selected sample is g(More)
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv. Pearson) plants were grown in growth chambers for 25 days with cadmium (Cd) and then exposed briefly to ozone (O3). Gas exchange, chlorophyll a fluorescence, and pigment composition were analysed in leaves at the end of the treatment to assess the effects of a single pollutant and their combination on(More)
Information on plant responses to combined ozone and cadmium stresses are scarce and limited to herbaceous species. In this research, two poplar clones (I-214 and Eridano), differently sensitive to O3, were grown for 5 weeks in pots supplied with 0, 53.5, and 160.5 mg(Cd) kg−1 (soil d.m.) and then exposed to 15-d O3 fumigation (0.06 mm3 dm−3, 5 h a day).(More)
The four-jet nal state is analyzed to search for hadronic decays of pair-produced heavy particles. The analysis uses the ALEPH data collected at LEP in November 1995 at centre-of-mass energies of 130 and 136 GeV, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 5.7 pb ?1. An excess of four-jet events is observed with respect to the standard model(More)
Hadronic Z decays into three jets are used to test QCD models of colour reconnection (CR). A sensitive quantity is the rate of gluon jets with a gap in the particle rapidity distribution and zero jet charge. Gluon jets are identified by either energy-ordering or by tagging two b-jets. The rates predicted by two string-based tunable CR models, one(More)
Hadronic Z decay data taken with the ALEPH detector at LEP1 are used to measure the three-jet rate as well as moments of various event-shape variables. The ratios of the observables obtained from b-tagged events and from an inclusive sample are determined. The mass of the b quark is extracted from a fit to the measured ratios using a next-to-leading order(More)
Using the data accumulated at LEP in 1989 and 1990 with the ALEPH detector, the inclusive and exclusive branching ratios of the r lepton have been measured assuming lepton universality in Z ~ decays. The inclusive branching fractions for the r decay into one, three, and five charged particles have been determined to be (85.45 _+ 0.97)%, (14.35 _+ 0.48)%,(More)