Arcangelo Iannuzzi

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Common carotid intima-media thickness was measured by B-mode ultrasound imaging in 46 children (mean age, 7.4 years) with serum cholesterol > or = 6.4 mmol/L (mean, 8.25 mmol/L) and in 48 children (mean age, 6.4 years) with serum cholesterol < 6.4 mmol/L (mean, 4.60 mmol/L). Maximum thickness was significantly higher in hypercholesterolemic children than(More)
O besity in childhood increases the risk of atherosclerotic disease and death in adulthood (1). A dramatic increase in overweight among children and adolescents during the past 2 decades has been documented (2). Moreover, overweight children and adolescents have an increased risk of adult obesity (3). A clustering of factors typical of the insulin(More)
Childhood obesity is associated with an increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and stiffness. Increased carotid wall thickening and rigidity are considered markers of subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to test the effect of two hypocaloric diets of varying glycemic index on weight loss and markers of subclinical(More)
Repeat low density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis and blood flow determinations in the forearm and leg were performed in 10 patients (age range, 13-49 years; four male, six female) with familial hypercholesterolemia (eight homozygous, two heterozygous). To perform LDL apheresis, plasma was first separated by a polysulphone hollow fiber filter; then, LDL was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Studies on cardiovascular disease have preferentially involved men because of the lower frequency of the disease in preelderly women. The aim of this analysis was to examine, with the use of a standardized ultrasound protocol, a cohort of women to differentiate early atherosclerotic lesions in different carotid segments in relation to(More)
The main objective of this clinical trial was to evaluate the effects of magnesium pidolate (15 mmol/day) on blood pressure at rest and during sympathetic stimulation induced by cold, isometric and tilt test; peripheral blood flow has been evaluated by strain-gauge plethysmography. Fourteen mild to moderate hypertensives (8 males, 6 females, age range 40-60(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many studies unequivocally indicate that air pollution is directly linked to the adverse cardiovascular outcomes in the general population. No data are currently available on cardiovascular effects of exposure to trafficked roads in healthy children. Distance of the residence to a major road has been shown to be a useful proxy for(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify patient-related risk factors of chloroquine resistance. DESIGN A case control study. SUBJECTS Plasmodium falciparum infected school children were followed prospectively for 7 days for the detection of chloroquine resistance. Cases were 38 individuals with chloroquine resistant infections. Controls were 125 individuals with(More)
Obesity and overweight have been associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness and stiffness in adults and children. Overweight and obesity have also been associated with an increased prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MS). The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that obese children with the MS have increased rigidity of their arteries(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Homocystinuria due to cystathionine beta-synthase deficiency and familial hypercholesterolemia are inherited disorders of metabolism that are associated with premature development of cardiovascular disease. This study addresses the possibility that different patterns of carotid wall damage and cerebral blood flow hemodynamics are(More)