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BACKGROUND AND AIM Obesity in children may lead to insulin resistance and impaired glucose regulation over time. The aim of this study was to investigate the insulin resistance status and the frequency of impaired glucose regulation in obese children and adolescents from the Campania region (Southern Italy), where the prevalence of obesity is among the(More)
Common carotid intima-media thickness was measured by B-mode ultrasound imaging in 46 children (mean age, 7.4 years) with serum cholesterol > or = 6.4 mmol/L (mean, 8.25 mmol/L) and in 48 children (mean age, 6.4 years) with serum cholesterol < 6.4 mmol/L (mean, 4.60 mmol/L). Maximum thickness was significantly higher in hypercholesterolemic children than(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Studies on cardiovascular disease have preferentially involved men because of the lower frequency of the disease in preelderly women. The aim of this analysis was to examine, with the use of a standardized ultrasound protocol, a cohort of women to differentiate early atherosclerotic lesions in different carotid segments in relation to(More)
O besity in childhood increases the risk of atherosclerotic disease and death in adulthood (1). A dramatic increase in overweight among children and adolescents during the past 2 decades has been documented (2). Moreover, overweight children and adolescents have an increased risk of adult obesity (3). A clustering of factors typical of the insulin(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The association between obesity and atherosclerotic disease is controversial. In the present analysis, we evaluated whether common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and area, 2 markers of preclinical atherosclerosis, were increased in obese subjects. METHODS More than 5000 middle-aged women (n=5062; age, 30 to 69 years) living in(More)
BACKGROUND A low glycemic index (LGI) diet has been proposed as a treatment for obesity in adults; few studies have evaluated LGI diets in obese children. AIM The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of two diets, with similar energy intakes, but different glycemic indexes in a pediatric outpatient setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A parallel-(More)
BACKGROUND The results of the few studies conducted on the relation between antioxidant vitamins and carotid atherosclerosis have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the association between preclinical carotid atherosclerosis, as determined by high-resolution B-mode ultrasound, and both the intake amounts and plasma concentrations of antioxidant(More)
Childhood obesity is associated with an increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and stiffness. Increased carotid wall thickening and rigidity are considered markers of subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to test the effect of two hypocaloric diets of varying glycemic index on weight loss and markers of subclinical(More)
Repeat low density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis and blood flow determinations in the forearm and leg were performed in 10 patients (age range, 13-49 years; four male, six female) with familial hypercholesterolemia (eight homozygous, two heterozygous). To perform LDL apheresis, plasma was first separated by a polysulphone hollow fiber filter; then, LDL was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many studies unequivocally indicate that air pollution is directly linked to the adverse cardiovascular outcomes in the general population. No data are currently available on cardiovascular effects of exposure to trafficked roads in healthy children. Distance of the residence to a major road has been shown to be a useful proxy for(More)