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INTRODUCTION VEGF receptors play a key role in angiogenesis and are important targets for several approved and many experimental drugs. Imaging of VEGF receptor expression in malignant tumors would provide important information, which can influence patient management. The aim of this study was the development of an easy-to-label positron-emitting tracer for(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) from the electric organ of Torpedo species is an oligomeric protein composed of alpha2 beta gamma delta subunits. Although much is known about its tertiary and quaternary structure, the conformation of the large extracellular domains of each of the subunits has not been analysed in detail. In order to obtain(More)
Diverse physiological and therapeutic insults that increase the amount of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) induce the unfolded protein response, an evolutionarily conserved protective mechanism that manages ER stress. Glucose-regulated protein 78/immunoglobulin heavy-chain binding protein (GRP78/BiP) is an ER-resident protein(More)
The function of Ric-3, which is required for nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) expression in C. elegans, is unclear. Here we found that Ric-3 can promote or inhibit cell-surface delivery of alpha-bungarotoxin-binding nAChRs (BgtRs) composed of alpha7 subunits. At low levels, Ric-3 promoted BgtR assembly, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) release, and(More)
A mechanism for the alleviation of the malfunction of a mutated (gamma2(K289M)) epilepsy-linked gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter receptor by phenobarbital is presented. Compared to the wild-type receptor, the GABA-induced current is considerably reduced in the mutated (alpha1beta2gamma2(K289M)) epilepsy-linked GABA(A) receptor [Baulac, S.,(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) belongs to a family of five channel-forming proteins that regulate communication between the approximately 10(12) cells of the nervous system. A minimum mechanism of inhibition of the muscle-type nAChR (1) by the noncompetitive inhibitors cocaine and MK-801 [(+)-dizocilpine, an anticonvulsant] indicated they bind(More)
Different photoactivatable derivatives of toxin 3 (CTX) Naja naja siamensis were obtained after CTX reaction with N-hydroxysuccinimide esters of p-azidobenzoic, p-azidotetraflourobenzoic, p-benzoylbenzoic and p-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-3H-diazirin-3-yl]benzoic acids. The ion-exchange HPLC profiles for the reaction products were very similar in four cases, with(More)
Although the antiepileptic properties of α-substituted lactams, acetamides, and cyclic imides have been known for over 60 years, the mechanism by which they act remains unclear. I report here that these compounds bind to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and inhibit its function. Using transient kinetic measurements with functionally active,(More)
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