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Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a CXC chemokine produced by stromal cells that acts as a chemoattractant for human CD34+ progenitor cells. We investigated the expression of CXCR4, the receptor for SDF-1, on CD34+ cells from different hematopoietic sites and developmental stages. CXCR4 was detected by flow cytometry on 37 % of fetal bone marrow (BM)(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) targeting in vivo has recently been shown to confer strong and protective cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-based immunity in tumor murine models. Our group has recently demonstrated in preclinical models that the infusion of genetically modified lymphocytes (GMLs) expressing the self/tumor antigen TRP-2 is able to elicit functional(More)
Lymphoid neogenesis, or the development of lymphoid structures in nonlymphoid organs, is frequently observed in chronically inflamed tissues, during the course of autoimmune, infectious, and chronic graft rejection diseases, in which a sustained lymphocyte activation occurs in the presence of persistent antigenic stimuli. The presence of such ectopic(More)
Tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes (TILs) are observed in a number of human primary or metastatic tumors. Recently, gene expression profiling experiments suggested that the presence of T cells in metastatic melanomas before vaccinating the patients with tumor antigens could be a biomarker for clinical benefit from the vaccines. In this context, we review(More)
Human CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitor cells obtained from bone marrow (BM), umbilical cord blood (UCB), and mobilized peripheral blood (MPB) were purified and investigated for the expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand, stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1). CXCR4 was found present on the cell surface of all CD34(+) cells, although it(More)
Polymyxin B is a lipopolysaccharide binding antibiotic used to inactivate potential lipopolysaccharide contaminations when evaluating the activity of different agents on innate immune cells. We report that polymyxin B is able to induce directly in monocyte-derived human dendritic cells (DCs) several functional and molecular modifications characteristic of(More)
The exploitation of the physiologic processing and presenting machinery of DCs by in vivo loading of tumor-associated antigens may improve the immunogenic potential and clinical efficacy of DC-based cancer vaccines. Here we show that lymphocytes genetically modified to express self/tumor antigens, acting as antigen carriers, efficiently target DCs in vivo(More)
Chemokines are members of the chemotactic cytokines family implicated in various immunoregulatory functions. The CXC-chemokine stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1alpha) was purified from the culture medium of murine bone marrow stromal cell line (MS-5) by affinity and reversed-phase liquid chromatography. Yield and purity were assessed by capillary(More)
2525 Background: Genetically-modified-lymphocytes (GML) can induce a specific immune response against the transgene product (HSV-TK), when injected into immunocompetent patients (Science 276:1719, 1997). In tumor-bearing mice the infusion of tumor-associated-antigen (TAA)-transduced lymphocytes induced protective immunity and long-term memory. In this(More)
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