Aravind Pillai

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BACKGROUND There is little evidence of the feasibility, acceptability and impact of services for the care of people with psychotic disorders in low- and middle-income countries. AIMS To describe the scaling up and impact of a community-based rehabilitation programme for people with psychotic disorders in a very-low-resource setting. METHODS Longitudinal(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescents comprise a fifth of the population of India, but there is little research on their mental health. We conducted an epidemiological study in the state of Goa to describe the current prevalence of mental disorders and its correlates among adolescents aged between 12 and 16 years. AIMS To estimate the prevalence and correlates of mental(More)
In settings with low seroprevalence, people with severe mental illness have a higher prevalence of HIV infection compared to the general population. In the high-prevalence countries of southern Africa, where the pandemic taxes resources for HIV prevention, care, and treatment, the needs of people with mental illness can be easily overlooked if they are not(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide among young people has emerged as a major public health issue in many low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries. Suicidal behaviour including ideation and attempt are the most important predictors of completed suicide and offer critical points for intervention. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for(More)
Assessment of heavy drinking patterns is vital for HIV/AIDs studies in India and developing countries. A population survey in northern Goa included urban and rural male drinkers (n = 743) who completed a new Fractional Graduated Frequencies (F-GF) alcohol patterns measure assessing seven beverage types and drink sizes for the largest daily amount, then(More)
Associations between low socio-economic class and alcohol use disorders are relatively well established in developed countries; however, there is comparably little research in India and other developing countries on the associations between socio-economic class, drinking patterns, and alcohol-related problems. We sought to assess drinking patterns and(More)
AIMS There is sparse literature on drink alcohol content in developing countries. This study documented detailed information on drink sizes and ethanol content of alcoholic beverages consumed in three different parts of India. METHODS Data primarily from formative phases of studies on alcohol use patterns in the states of Delhi, Rajasthan and Goa are(More)
BACKGROUND Few population-based studies from low-income and middle-income countries have addressed adolescent drinking onset and its association with adult alcohol-related adverse outcomes. The aims of this study were to: (1) estimate the rate of adolescent drinking onset and its trend over time among men (2) describe demographic and socioeconomic factors(More)
health problems during adolescence, in particular depression, anxiety and substance misuse, are relatively common. Worldwide, the leading causes of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 10to 19-year-olds were unipolar major depression, accidents and falls. Adolescents face rapidly changing challenges in their social and physical environments. Their(More)
South African communities continue to experience elevated incidence and prevalence of HIV infection. Passive suicidal ideation (PSI) may be one expression of distress in high prevalence communities. We report the prevalence of PSI and examine the relationship between PSI and participation in community organizations in a semi-rural sample of South African(More)