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PURPOSE To compare the effect of adding recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) to intravenous methylprednisolone for the treatment of unilateral acute optic neuritis of unknown or demyelinative origin on the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR), perimetric variables [mean deviation (MD) and pattern standard deviation (PSD)], and retinal(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the prevalence of amblyopia risk factors in children that underwent probing for persistent congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). METHODS The medical records of children with CNLDO (after 1 year of age) that underwent probing were reviewed. Amblyopia risk factors, based on the American Association for Pediatric(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the rate of and predictive factors for successful treatment of restrictive myopathy in thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) using botulinum toxin injection. METHODS Twenty patients with restrictive myopathy of TAO were enrolled in the study. Abnormal thyroid function test results were not a prerequisite for inclusion. In each(More)
BACKGROUND Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is a transient autoimmune disease of developing fetus and neonate in mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this report we introduce an infant with NLE whose mother had rheumatoid arthritis. CASE PRESENTATION Our case was a 40 day old male infant with discoid-like and annular skin lesions over(More)
PURPOSE To compare the laboratory data and changes in these data between patients with MAS and patients with flare-up of the autoimmune diseases. METHODS In a prospective study, the static laboratory data and dynamic changes in the selected data in 17 consecutive patients with MAS and 53 patients with active disease of SJIA, PJIA, Kawasaki disease, and(More)
PURPOSE To report the effectiveness of incorporating a central tenectomy on the recessed rectus muscles when treating large-angle horizontal deviations. METHODS Patients undergoing recession and central tenectomy from March 2010 to January 2013 were prospectively enrolled. The procedure entails making two longitudinal incisions, each 4 mm, on the muscle(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin injection in the patients with type 1 Duane syndrome and identify the predictive factors for success. METHODS Sixteen patients with esotropic type 1 Duane syndrome without history of ocular surgery were selected for this interventional case series. The botulinum toxin was injected in the medial rectus of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose was to describe the medial rectus muscle elongation (MRE) procedure to treat very large-angle esotropia (ET) with surgery on a lower number of muscles. METHODS Twenty patients with very large-angle ET (more than 70 PD) underwent the MRE procedure. In the MRE procedure, the muscle was split longitudinally into three parts. The wider(More)
PURPOSE To develop a Persian version of the Adult Strabismus Questionnaire (AS-20) and use the new questionnaire to evaluate the effect of strabismus surgery on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS The Persian version of the AS-20 was developed with the help of Beaton and colleagues' guidelines. The reliability of the final version was tested(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the predictive factors for development of diplopia and extraocular muscle movement (EOM) limitations in the patients with isolated pure blow-out fracture. METHODS One hundred thirty-two patients with isolated pure blow-out fracture were included. The diagnosis was done with computed tomography scan. Possible predictive factors were(More)